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a tiling window manager



Manpage of xmonad


Section: \ xmonad manual (1)
Updated: 8 September 09
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xmonad - a tiling window manager  


xmonad is a minimalist tiling window manager for X, written in Haskell. Windows are managed using automatic layout algorithms, which can be dynamically reconfigured. At any time windows are arranged so as to maximize the use of screen real estate. All features of the window manager are accessible purely from the keyboard: a mouse is entirely optional. xmonad is configured in Haskell, and custom layout algorithms may be implemented by the user in config files. A principle of xmonad is predictability: the user should know in advance precisely the window arrangement that will result from any action.

By default, xmonad provides three layout algorithms: tall, wide and fullscreen. In tall or wide mode, windows are tiled and arranged to prevent overlap and maximize screen use. Sets of windows are grouped together on virtual screens, and each screen retains its own layout, which may be reconfigured dynamically. Multiple physical monitors are supported via Xinerama, allowing simultaneous display of a number of screens.

By utilizing the expressivity of a modern functional language with a rich static type system, xmonad provides a complete, featureful window manager in less than 1200 lines of code, with an emphasis on correctness and robustness. Internal properties of the window manager are checked using a combination of static guarantees provided by the type system, and type-based automated testing. A benefit of this is that the code is simple to understand, and easy to modify.  


xmonad places each window into a "workspace". Each workspace can have any number of windows, which you can cycle though with mod-j and mod-k. Windows are either displayed full screen, tiled horizontally, or tiled vertically. You can toggle the layout mode with mod-space, which will cycle through the available modes.

You can switch to workspace N with mod-N. For example, to switch to workspace 5, you would press mod-5. Similarly, you can move the current window to another workspace with mod-shift-N.

When running with multiple monitors (Xinerama), each screen has exactly 1 workspace visible. mod-{w,e,r} switch the focus between screens, while shift-mod-{w,e,r} move the current window to that screen. When xmonad starts, workspace 1 is on screen 1, workspace 2 is on screen 2, etc. When switching workspaces to one that is already visible, the current and visible workspaces are swapped.



xmonad has several flags which you may pass to the executable. These flags are:
Recompiles your configuration in ~/.xmonad/xmonad.hs --restart Causes the currently running xmonad process to restart
Display version of xmonad.

Default keyboard bindings

 mod-shift-return Launch terminal

 mod-p Launch dmenu

 mod-shift-p Launch gmrun

 mod-shift-c Close the focused window

 mod-space Rotate through the available layout algorithms

 mod-shift-space Reset the layouts on the current workspace to default

 mod-n Resize viewed windows to the correct size

 mod-tab Move focus to the next window

 mod-shift-tab Move focus to the previous window

 mod-j Move focus to the next window

 mod-k Move focus to the previous window

 mod-m Move focus to the master window

 mod-return Swap the focused window and the master window

 mod-shift-j Swap the focused window with the next window

 mod-shift-k Swap the focused window with the previous window

 mod-h Shrink the master area

 mod-l Expand the master area

 mod-t Push window back into tiling

 mod-comma Increment the number of windows in the master area

 mod-period Deincrement the number of windows in the master area

 mod-b Toggle the status bar gap

 mod-shift-q Quit xmonad

 mod-q Restart xmonad

 mod-[1..9] Switch to workspace N

 mod-shift-[1..9] Move client to workspace N

 mod-{w,e,r} Switch to physical/Xinerama screens 1, 2, or 3

 mod-shift-{w,e,r} Move client to screen 1, 2, or 3

 mod-button1 Set the window to floating mode and move by dragging

 mod-button2 Raise the window to the top of the stack

 mod-button3 Set the window to floating mode and resize by dragging



To use xmonad as your window manager add:
exec xmonad
to your ~/.xinitrc file  


xmonad is customized in ~/.xmonad/xmonad.hs, and then restarting with mod-q.

You can find many extensions to the core feature set in the xmonad-contrib package, available through your package manager or from  

Modular Configuration

As of xmonad-0.9, any additional Haskell modules may be placed in ~/.xmonad/lib/ are available in GHC's searchpath. Hierarchical modules are supported: for example, the file ~/.xmonad/lib/XMonad/Stack/MyAdditions.hs could contain:

module XMonad.Stack.MyAdditions (function1) where
function1 = error "function1: Not implemented yet!"

Your xmonad.hs may then import XMonad.Stack.MyAdditions as if that module was contained within xmonad or xmonad-contrib.  


Probably. If you find any, please report them:



Default keyboard bindings
Modular Configuration

This document was created by man2html using the manual pages.
Time: 17:33:08 GMT, October 23, 2013

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