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regexp_table


  1. regexp_table.5.man


1. regexp_table.5.man

Manpage of REGEXP_TABLE

REGEXP_TABLE

Section: File Formats (5)
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

regexp_table - format of Postfix regular expression tables  

SYNOPSIS

postmap -q "string" regexp:/etc/postfix/filename

postmap -q - regexp:/etc/postfix/filename <inputfile
 

DESCRIPTION

The Postfix mail system uses optional tables for address rewriting, mail routing, or access control. These tables are usually in dbm or db format.

Alternatively, lookup tables can be specified in POSIX regular expression form. In this case, each input is compared against a list of patterns. When a match is found, the corresponding result is returned and the search is terminated.

To find out what types of lookup tables your Postfix system supports use the "postconf -m" command.

To test lookup tables, use the "postmap -q" command as described in the SYNOPSIS above.  

COMPATIBILITY



With Postfix version 2.2 and earlier specify "postmap
-fq" to query a table that contains case sensitive
patterns. Patterns are case insensitive by default.
 

TABLE FORMAT



The general form of a Postfix regular expression table is:
/pattern/flags result
When pattern matches the input string, use the corresponding result value.
!/pattern/flags result
When pattern does not match the input string, use the corresponding result value.
if /pattern/flags
endif
Match the input string against the patterns between if and endif, if and only if that same input string also matches pattern. The if..endif can nest.

Note: do not prepend whitespace to patterns inside if..endif.

This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.

if !/pattern/flags
endif
Match the input string against the patterns between if and endif, if and only if that same input string does not match pattern. The if..endif can nest.

Note: do not prepend whitespace to patterns inside if..endif.

This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.

blank lines and comments
Empty lines and whitespace-only lines are ignored, as are lines whose first non-whitespace character is a `#'.
multi-line text
A logical line starts with non-whitespace text. A line that starts with whitespace continues a logical line.

Each pattern is a POSIX regular expression enclosed by a pair of delimiters. The regular expression syntax is documented in re_format(7) with 4.4BSD, in regex(5) with Solaris, and in regex(7) with Linux. Other systems may use other document names.

The expression delimiter can be any non-alphanumerical character, except whitespace or characters that have special meaning (traditionally the forward slash is used). The regular expression can contain whitespace.

By default, matching is case-insensitive, and newlines are not treated as special characters. The behavior is controlled by flags, which are toggled by appending one or more of the following characters after the pattern:

i (default: on)
Toggles the case sensitivity flag. By default, matching is case insensitive.
m (default: off)
Toggle the multi-line mode flag. When this flag is on, the ^ and $ metacharacters match immediately after and immediately before a newline character, respectively, in addition to matching at the start and end of the input string.
x (default: on)
Toggles the extended expression syntax flag. By default, support for extended expression syntax is enabled.
 

TABLE SEARCH ORDER



Patterns are applied in the order as specified in the table, until a
pattern is found that matches the input string.

Each pattern is applied to the entire input string. Depending on the application, that string is an entire client hostname, an entire client IP address, or an entire mail address. Thus, no parent domain or parent network search is done, and user@domain mail addresses are not broken up into their user and domain constituent parts, nor is user+foo broken up into user and foo.  

TEXT SUBSTITUTION



Substitution of substrings from the matched expression into the result
string is possible using $1, $2, etc.;
specify $$ to produce a $ character as output.
The macros in the result string
may need to be written as ${n} or $(n) if they aren't followed
by whitespace.

Note: since negated patterns (those preceded by !) return a result when the expression does not match, substitutions are not available for negated patterns.  

EXAMPLE SMTPD ACCESS MAP

# Disallow sender-specified routing. This is a must if you relay mail
# for other domains.
/[%!@].*[%!@]/       550 Sender-specified routing rejected

# Postmaster is OK, that way they can talk to us about how to fix
# their problem.
/^postmaster@/       OK

# Protect your outgoing majordomo exploders
if !/^owner-/
/^(.*)-outgoing@(.*)$/   550 Use ${1}@${2} instead
endif
 

EXAMPLE HEADER FILTER MAP

# These were once common in junk mail.
/^Subject: make money fast/     REJECT
/^To: friend@public\.com/       REJECT
 

EXAMPLE BODY FILTER MAP

# First skip over base 64 encoded text to save CPU cycles.
~^[[:alnum:]+/]{60,}$~          OK

# Put your own body patterns here.
 

SEE ALSO

postmap(1), Postfix lookup table manager
pcre_table(5), format of PCRE tables
cidr_table(5), format of CIDR tables
 

README FILES



Use "postconf readme_directory" or
"postconf_directory" to locate this information.

DATABASE_README, Postfix lookup table overview
 

AUTHOR(S)

The regexp table lookup code was originally written by:
LaMont Jones
lamont@hp.com

That code was based on the PCRE dictionary contributed by:
Andrew McNamara
andrewm@connect.com.au
connect.com.au Pty. Ltd.
Level 3, 213 Miller St
North Sydney, NSW, Australia

Adopted and adapted by:
Wietse Venema
IBM T.J. Watson Research
P.O. Box 704
Yorktown Heights, NY 10598, USA


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
COMPATIBILITY
TABLE FORMAT
TABLE SEARCH ORDER
TEXT SUBSTITUTION
EXAMPLE SMTPD ACCESS MAP
EXAMPLE HEADER FILTER MAP
EXAMPLE BODY FILTER MAP
SEE ALSO
README FILES
AUTHOR(S)

This document was created by man2html using the manual pages.
Time: 17:32:11 GMT, October 23, 2013

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