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munin.conf


  1. munin.conf.5.man


1. munin.conf.5.man

Manpage of MUNIN.CONF

MUNIN.CONF

Section: Munin Documentation (5)
Updated: 2008-03-08
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

munin.conf - Munin configuration file  

DESCRIPTION

Munin is a group of programs to gather data from hosts, graph them, create-pages, and optionally warn contacts about any off-limit values.

The hosts are divided into three groups: One master (could be more, but Munin is not cluster aware so they'll likely be independent). The master contacts a number of machines running munin-node, these are called nodes. Each node has data from one or more hosts that is monitored by Munin.

munin.conf is the configuration file for the Munin master server. The programs using it are munin-update, munin-graph, munin-limits and mun. There is also quite extensive documentation of this file at <http://munin.projects.linpro.no/wiki/munin.conf>

The format of the file is simple. A minimal configuration looks something like:

        dbdir           /var/lib/munin
        logdir          /var/log/munin
       dir         /var/www/munin
        rundir          /var/run/munin
        tmpldir         /etc/munin/templates/

        [machine1.your.dom]
                address localhost

The default location of munin.conf is @@CONFDIR@@/munin.conf. If your placement deviates from this norm, use the "--config <file>"-option when running the munin-* programs.

Munin-update will expand all node-entries in this file, and save them to @@DBDIR@@/datafile, which is used by all programs in the package together with this file.

Any directives in this file will override directives of the same name in datafile. E.g., if you want to change the title of the ``load''-graph in the above minimum configuration, you would modify the two bottom lines to:

        [machine1.your.dom]
                address localhost
                load.graph_title Edited title of the load-graph

This will override the "graph_title" attribute of the "load" field/data series while keeping all the others at their default.  

GLOBAL DIRECTIVES

These directives should appear in munin.conf before any host or group definitions.
dbdir path
Directory for generated database files. Required.
logdir path
Directory for log files. Required.
path
Directory for HTML pages and graphs. Required.
rundir path
Directory for files tracking munin's current running state. Required.
tmpldir path
Directory for templates used to generate HTML pages. Required.
fork value
This directive determines whether munin-update fork when gathering information from nodes. Possible values are "yes" and "no". Default is "yes". If you set it to "no" munin-update will collect data from the nodes in sequence rather than in parallel and this will take considerably more time. Affects: munin-update.
palette default|old
Choose palette between the very nice ""default"``, and the good old ''"old"".
graph_data_size value
This directive sets the resolution of the RRD files that are created. Possible values are "normal" and "huge". Default is "normal". "Huge" is really huge, it saves the complete data with 5 minute resolution for 400 days. This will probably increase the I/O load on your Munin master, and currently has very little benefit. Affects: munin-update.
graph_strategy value
This directive can be "cron" or "cgi". This determines whether graphs will be produced when the cron job is run or whether they will be generated by the CGI script (Links this CGI script will be added to the HTML pages if "cgi" is selected). This is one of several steps required to enable CGI graphing, see <http://munin.projects.linpro.no/wiki/CgiHowto> for more details. Default is "cron". Affects: munin-graph and mun.
local_address value
The local address to connect any node from in case the master has several IP interfaces. This can be overriden by a group or global directive. Without this directive Munins traffic will originate from the master server according to the IP routing table.
max_processes <value>
This directive specifies the maximum number of processes to be used for gathering information from nodes. If left blank, munin will use as many processes as necessary. Affects: munin-update.
tls <value>
Can have four values. "paranoid", "enabled", "auto", and "disabled". "Paranoid" and "enabled" require a TLS connection, while "disabled" will not attempt one at all.

The current default is "disabled" because "auto" is broken. "Auto" causes bad interaction between munin-update and munin-node if the node is unprepared to go to TLS.

If you see data dropouts (gaps in graphs) please try to disable TLS. Affects: munin-update.

tls_verify_certificate <value>
This directive can be "yes" or "no". It determines if the remote certificate needs to be signed by a CA that is known locally. Default is "no". Affects: munin-update.
tls_private_key <value>
This directive sets the location of the private key to be used for TLS. Default is @@CONFDIR@@/munin.pem. The private key and certificate can be stored in the same file. Affects: munin-update.
tls_certificate <value>
This directive sets the location of the TLS certificate to be used for TLS. Default is @@CONFDIR@@/munin.pem. The private key and certificate can be stored in the same file. Affects: munin-update.
tls_ca_certificate <value>
This directive sets the CA certificate to be used to verify the node's certificate, if tls_verify_certificate is set to "yes". Default is @@CONFDIR@@/cacert.pem. Affects: munin-update.
tls_verify_depth <value>
This directive sets how many signings up a chain of signatures TLS is willing to go to reach a known, trusted CA when verifying a certificate. Default is 5. Affects: munin-update.
FIXME: This section MAY be complete, it may be missing a directive or two.
 

HOST DEFINITIONS

Host definitions can have several types. In all forms, the definition is used to generate the host name and group for the host, and the following lines define its directives. All following directives apply to that node until another node definition or EOF. Note that when defining a nodename it is vital that you use a standard DNS name, as in, one that uses only a-z, '-', and '.'. While other characters can be used in a DNS name, it is against the RFC, and Munin uses the other characters as delimiters. If they appear in nodenames, unexpected behavior may occur.

The simplest node definition defines the section for a new node by simply wrapping the DNS name of the node in brackets, e.g. "[machine1.your.dom]". This will add the node "machine1.your.dom" to the group "your.dom".

The next form of definition is used to define the node and group independently. It follows the form "[your.dom;machine1.sub.your.dom]". This adds the node "machine1.sub.your.dom" to the group "your.dom". This can be useful if you have machines you want to put together as a group that are under different domains (as in the given example). This can also solve a problem if your machine is "machine1.com", where having a group of "com" makes little sense.

Multiple groups can be specified by adding more "groupname;"s, e.g. "[servers;local;mail;mail.foo.net]", if you need a more hierarchical structure.  

NODE DIRECTIVES

These are directives that can follow a node definition and will apply only to that node.
address <value>
The IP address of the node. Required.
local_address <value>
The local address to connect to the node from. This overrides a group or global directive.
FIXME: This section is incomplete.
 

PLUGIN DIRECTIVES

These directives should appear after a node definition and are of the form "plugin.directive <value>". Using these directives you can override various directives for a plugin, such as its contacts, and can also be used to create graphs containing data from other plugins.
FIXME: This section is (obviously) incomplete.
 

FIELD DIRECTIVES

These directives should appear after a node definition and are of the form "plugin.field <value>". Using these directives you can override values originally set by plugins on the nodes, such as warning and critical levels or graph names.
graph_height <value>
The graph height for a specific service. Default is 175. Affects: munin-graph.
graph_width <value>
The graph width for a specific service. Default is 400. Affects: munin-graph.
warning <value>
The value at which munin-limits will mark the service as being in a warning state. Value can be a single number to specify a limit that must be passed or they can be a comma separated pair of numbers defining a valid range of values. Affects: munin-limits.
critical <value>
The value at which munin-limits will mark the service as being in a critical state. Value can be a single number to specify a limit that must be passed or they can be a comma separated pair of numbers defining a valid range of values Affects: munin-limits.
FIXME: This section is incomplete.
 

EXAMPLES

On all the examples below, all the 'top-level' parameters (dbdir, logdir,dir, tmpldir) are not present. They are only skipped for brevity - they are needed.  

EXAMPLE 1

An example with three servers on two domains:

        [machine1.one.dom]
                address machine1.one.dom

        [machine2.one.dom]
                address 10.33.32.123

        [machine3.two.dom]
                address localhost

This will appear as two groups (one.dom and two.dom), having respectively two and one node.  

EXAMPLE 2

Summarize the 'load'-graphs of the two servers in one.dom, in a 'total load'-graph.

        [one.dom;Totals]
                update no
                load.graph_title Total load
                load.sum_load.label load
                load.sum_load.special_stack machine1=machine1.one.dom:load.load machine2=machine2.one.dom:load.load

 

AUTHORS

Jimmy Olsen, Audun Ytterdal, Brian de Wolf, Nicolai Langfeldt  

COPYRIGHT

Copyright (C) 2002-2008 Audun Ytterdal, Jimmy Olsen, Nicolai Langfeldt, Linpro AS and others.

This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

This program is released under the GNU General Public License  

SEE ALSO

For more information, see the man pages of the individual munin-* programs or the Munin homepage <http://munin.sf.net/>.


 

Index

NAME
DESCRIPTION
GLOBAL DIRECTIVES
HOST DEFINITIONS
NODE DIRECTIVES
PLUGIN DIRECTIVES
FIELD DIRECTIVES
EXAMPLES
EXAMPLE 1
EXAMPLE 2
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO

This document was created by man2html using the manual pages.
Time: 17:31:48 GMT, October 23, 2013

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