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ipsec.conf

IPsec configuration and connections


  1. ipsec.conf.5.man


1. ipsec.conf.5.man

Manpage of IPSEC.CONF

IPSEC.CONF

Section: File Formats (5)
Updated: 20 Jan 2006
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

ipsec.conf - IPsec configuration and connections  

DESCRIPTION

The optional ipsec.conf file specifies most configuration and control information for the strongSwan IPsec subsystem. (The major exception is secrets for authentication; see ipsec.secrets(5).) Its contents are not security-sensitive unless manual keying is being done for more than just testing, in which case the encryption/authentication keys in the descriptions for the manually-keyed connections are very sensitive (and those connection descriptions are probably best kept in a separate file, via the include facility described below).

The file is a text file, consisting of one or more sections. White space followed by # followed by anything to the end of the line is a comment and is ignored, as are empty lines which are not within a section.

A line which contains include and a file name, separated by white space, is replaced by the contents of that file, preceded and followed by empty lines. If the file name is not a full pathname, it is considered to be relative to the directory containing the including file. Such inclusions can be nested. Only a single filename may be supplied, and it may not contain white space, but it may include shell wildcards (see sh(1)); for example:

include ipsec.*.conf

The intention of the include facility is mostly to permit keeping information on connections, or sets of connections, separate from the main configuration file. This permits such connection descriptions to be changed, copied to the other security gateways involved, etc., without having to constantly extract them from the configuration file and then insert them back into it. Note also the also parameter (described below) which permits splitting a single logical section (e.g. a connection description) into several actual sections.

The first significant line of the file must specify the version of this specification that it conforms to:

version 2

A section begins with a line of the form:

type name

where type indicates what type of section follows, and name is an arbitrary name which distinguishes the section from others of the same type. (Names must start with a letter and may contain only letters, digits, periods, underscores, and hyphens.) All subsequent non-empty lines which begin with white space are part of the section; comments within a section must begin with white space too. There may be only one section of a given type with a given name.

Lines within the section are generally of the form

     parameter=value

(note the mandatory preceding white space). There can be white space on either side of the =. Parameter names follow the same syntax as section names, and are specific to a section type. Unless otherwise explicitly specified, no parameter name may appear more than once in a section.

An empty value stands for the system default value (if any) of the parameter, i.e. it is roughly equivalent to omitting the parameter line entirely. A value may contain white space only if the entire value is enclosed in double quotes ("); a value cannot itself contain a double quote, nor may it be continued across more than one line.

Numeric values are specified to be either an ``integer'' (a sequence of digits) or a ``decimal number'' (sequence of digits optionally followed by `.' and another sequence of digits).

There is currently one parameter which is available in any type of section:

also
the value is a section name; the parameters of that section are appended to this section, as if they had been written as part of it. The specified section must exist, must follow the current one, and must have the same section type. (Nesting is permitted, and there may be more than one also in a single section, although it is forbidden to append the same section more than once.) This allows, for example, keeping the encryption keys for a connection in a separate file from the rest of the description, by using both an also parameter and an include line.

Parameter names beginning with x- (or X-, or x_, or X_) are reserved for user extensions and will never be assigned meanings by IPsec. Parameters with such names must still observe the syntax rules (limits on characters used in the name; no white space in a non-quoted value; no newlines or double quotes within the value). All other as-yet-unused parameter names are reserved for future IPsec improvements.

A section with name %default specifies defaults for sections of the same type. For each parameter in it, any section of that type which does not have a parameter of the same name gets a copy of the one from the %default section. There may be multiple %default sections of a given type, but only one default may be supplied for any specific parameter name, and all %default sections of a given type must precede all non-%default sections of that type. %default sections may not contain the also parameter.

Currently there are three types of sections: a config section specifies general configuration information for IPsec, a conn section specifies an IPsec connection, while a ca section specifies special properties a certification authority.  

CONN SECTIONS

A conn section contains a connection specification, defining a network connection to be made using IPsec. The name given is arbitrary, and is used to identify the connection to ipsec_auto(8) and ipsec_manual(8). Here's a simple example:


conn snt
 left=10.11.11.1
 leftsubnet=10.0.1.0/24
 leftnexthop=172.16.55.66
 right=192.168.22.1
 rightsubnet=10.0.2.0/24
 rightnexthop=172.16.88.99
 keyingtries=%forever

A note on terminology... In automatic keying, there are two kinds of communications going on: transmission of user IP packets, and gateway-to-gateway negotiations for keying, rekeying, and general control. The data path (a set of ``IPsec SAs'') used for user packets is herein referred to as the ``connection''; the path used for negotiations (built with ``ISAKMP SAs'') is referred to as the ``keying channel''.

To avoid trivial editing of the configuration file to suit it to each system involved in a connection, connection specifications are written in terms of left and right participants, rather than in terms of local and remote. Which participant is considered left or right is arbitrary; IPsec figures out which one it is being run on based on internal information. This permits using identical connection specifications on both ends. There are cases where there is no symmetry; a good convention is to use left for the local side and right for the remote side (the first letters are a good mnemonic).

Many of the parameters relate to one participant or the other; only the ones for left are listed here, but every parameter whose name begins with left has a right counterpart, whose description is the same but with left and right reversed.

Parameters are optional unless marked ``(required)''; a parameter required for manual keying need not be included for a connection which will use only automatic keying, and vice versa.  

CONN PARAMETERS: GENERAL

The following parameters are relevant to both automatic and manual keying. Unless otherwise noted, for a connection to work, in general it is necessary for the two ends to agree exactly on the values of these parameters.
type
the type of the connection; currently the accepted values are tunnel (the default) signifying a host-to-host, host-to-subnet, or subnet-to-subnet tunnel; transport, signifying host-to-host transport mode; passthrough, signifying that no IPsec processing should be done at all; drop, signifying that packets should be discarded; and reject, signifying that packets should be discarded and a diagnostic ICMP returned.
left
(required) the IP address of the left participant's public-network interface, in any form accepted by ipsec_ttoaddr(3) or one of several magic values. If it is %defaultroute, and the config setup section's, interfaces specification contains %defaultroute, left will be filled in automatically with the local address of the default-route interface (as determined at IPsec startup time); this also overrides any value supplied for leftnexthop. (Either left or right may be %defaultroute, but not both.) The value %any signifies an address to be filled in (by automatic keying) during negotiation. The value %opportunistic signifies that both left and leftnexthop are to be filled in (by automatic keying) from DNS data for left's client. The values %group and %opportunisticgroup makes this a policy group conn: one that will be instantiated into a regular or opportunistic conn for each CIDR block listed in the policy group file with the same name as the conn.
leftsubnet
private subnet behind the left participant, expressed as network/netmask (actually, any form acceptable to ipsec_ttosubnet(3)); if omitted, essentially assumed to be left/32, signifying that the left end of the connection goes to the left participant only
leftnexthop
next-hop gateway IP address for the left participant's connection to the public network; defaults to %direct (meaning right). If the value is to be overridden by the left=%defaultroute method (see above), an explicit value must not be given. If that method is not being used, but leftnexthop is %defaultroute, and interfaces=%defaultroute is used in the config setup section, the next-hop gateway address of the default-route interface will be used. The magic value %direct signifies a value to be filled in (by automatic keying) with the peer's address. Relevant only locally, other end need not agree on it.
leftupdown
what ``updown'' script to run to adjust routing and/or firewalling when the status of the connection changes (default ipsec _updown). May include positional parameters separated by white space (although this requires enclosing the whole string in quotes); including shell metacharacters is unwise. See ipsec_pluto(8) for details. Relevant only locally, other end need not agree on it.
leftfirewall
whether the left participant is doing forwarding-firewalling (including masquerading) for traffic from leftsubnet, which should be turned off (for traffic to the other subnet) once the connection is established; acceptable values are yes and (the default) no. May not be used in the same connection description with leftupdown. Implemented as a parameter to the default updown script. See notes below. Relevant only locally, other end need not agree on it.

If one or both security gateways are doing forwarding firewalling (possibly including masquerading), and this is specified using the firewall parameters, tunnels established with IPsec are exempted from it so that packets can flow unchanged through the tunnels. (This means that all subnets connected in this manner must have distinct, non-overlapping subnet address blocks.) This is done by the default updown script (see ipsec_pluto(8)).

The implementation of this makes certain assumptions about firewall setup, notably the use of the old ipfwadm interface to the firewall. In situations calling for more control, it may be preferable for the user to supply his own updown script, which makes the appropriate adjustments for his system.  

CONN PARAMETERS: AUTOMATIC KEYING

The following parameters are relevant only to automatic keying, and are ignored in manual keying. Unless otherwise noted, for a connection to work, in general it is necessary for the two ends to agree exactly on the values of these parameters.
auto
what operation, if any, should be done automatically at IPsec startup; currently-accepted values are add (signifying an ipsec auto --add), route (signifying that plus an ipsec auto --route), start (signifying that plus an ipsec auto --up), manual (signifying an ipsec manual --up), and ignore (also the default) (signifying no automatic startup operation). See the config setup discussion below. Relevant only locally, other end need not agree on it (but in general, for an intended-to-be-permanent connection, both ends should use auto=start to ensure that any reboot causes immediate renegotiation).
auth
whether authentication should be done as part of ESP encryption, or separately using the AH protocol; acceptable values are esp (the default) and ah.
authby
how the two security gateways should authenticate each other; acceptable values are secret for shared secrets, rsasig for RSA digital signatures (the default), secret|rsasig for either, and never if negotiation is never to be attempted or accepted (useful for shunt-only conns). Digital signatures are superior in every way to shared secrets.
compress
whether IPComp compression of content is proposed on the connection (link-level compression does not work on encrypted data, so to be effective, compression must be done before encryption); acceptable values are yes and no (the default). The two ends need not agree. A value of yes causes IPsec to propose both compressed and uncompressed, and prefer compressed. A value of no prevents IPsec from proposing compression; a proposal to compress will still be accepted.
disablearrivalcheck
whether KLIPS's normal tunnel-exit check (that a packet emerging from a tunnel has plausible addresses in its header) should be disabled; acceptable values are yes and no (the default). Tunnel-exit checks improve security and do not break any normal configuration. Relevant only locally, other end need not agree on it.
dpdaction
controls the use of the Dead Peer Detection protocol (DPD, RFC 3706) where R_U_THERE IKE notification messages are periodically sent in order to check the liveliness of the IPsec peer. The default is.. none which disables the active sending of R_U_THERE notifications. Nevertheless pluto will always send the DPD Vendor ID during connection set up in order to signal the readiness to act passively as a responder if the peer wants to use DPD. The values clear and hold both activate DPD. If no activity is detected, all connections with a dead peer are stopped and unrouted ( clear ) or put in the hold state ( hold ).
dpddelay
defines the period time interval with which R_U_THERE messages are sent to the peer.
dpdtimeout
defines the timeout interval, after which all connections to a peer are deleted in case of inactivity.
failureshunt
what to do with packets when negotiation fails. The default is none: no shunt; passthrough, drop, and reject have the obvious meanings.
ikelifetime
how long the keying channel of a connection (buzzphrase: ``ISAKMP SA'') should last before being renegotiated; acceptable values as for keyexchange method of key exchange; the default and currently the only accepted value is ike
keylife
(default set by ipsec_pluto(8), currently 3h, maximum 24h). The two-ends-disagree case is similar to that of keylife.
keyingtries
how many attempts (a whole number or %forever) should be made to negotiate a connection, or a replacement for one, before giving up (default %forever). The value %forever means ``never give up'' (obsolete: this can be written 0). Relevant only locally, other end need not agree on it.
keylife
how long a particular instance of a connection (a set of encryption/authentication keys for user packets) should last, from successful negotiation to expiry; acceptable values are an integer optionally followed by s (a time in seconds) or a decimal number followed by m, h, or d (a time in minutes, hours, or days respectively) (default 1h, maximum 24h). Normally, the connection is renegotiated (via the keying channel) before it expires. The two ends need not exactly agree on keylife, although if they do not, there will be some clutter of superseded connections on the end which thinks the lifetime is longer.
leftca
the distinguished name of a certificate authority which is required to lie in the trust path going from the left participant's certificate up to the root certification authority.
leftcert
the path to the left participant's X.509 certificate. The file can be coded either in PEM or DER format. OpenPGP certificates are supported as well. Both absolute paths or paths relative to /etc/ipsec/ipsec.d/certs are accepted. By default leftcert sets leftid to the distinguished name of the certificate's subject and leftca to the distinguished name of the certificate's issuer. The left participant's ID can be overriden by specifying a leftid value which must be certified by the certificate, though.
leftgroups
a comma separated list of group names. If the leftgroups parameter is present then the peer must be a member of at least one of the groups defined by the parameter. Group membership must be certified by a valid attribute certificate stored in /etc/ipsec/ipsec.d/acerts thas has been issued to the peer by a trusted Authorization Authority stored in /etc/ipsec/ipsec.d/aacerts.
leftid
how the left participant should be identified for authentication; defaults to left. Can be an IP address (in any ipsec_ttoaddr(3) syntax) or a fully-qualified domain name preceded by @ (which is used as a literal string and not resolved). The magic value %myid stands for the current setting of myid. This is set in config setup or by ipsec_whack(8)), or, if not set, it is the IP address in %defaultroute (if that is supported by a TXT record in its reverse domain), or otherwise it is the system's hostname (if that is supported by a TXT record in its forward domain), or otherwise it is undefined.
leftrsasigkey
the left participant's public key for RSA signature authentication, in RFC 2537 format using ipsec_ttodata(3) encoding. The magic value %none means the same as not specifying a value (useful to override a default). The value %cert (the default) means that the key is extracted from a certificate. The value %dnsondemand means the key is to be fetched from DNS at the time it is needed. The value %dnsonload means the key is to be fetched from DNS at the time the connection description is read from ipsec.conf; currently this will be treated as %none if right=%any or right=%opportunistic. The value %dns is currently treated as %dnsonload but will change to %dnsondemand in the future. The identity used for the left participant must be a specific host, not %any or another magic value. Caution: if two connection descriptions specify different public keys for the same leftid, confusion and madness will ensue.
leftrsasigkey2
if present, a second public key. Either key can authenticate the signature, allowing for key rollover.
leftsourceip
leftsubnetwithin
pfs
whether Perfect Forward Secrecy of keys is desired on the connection's keying channel (with PFS, penetration of the key-exchange protocol does not compromise keys negotiated earlier); acceptable values are yes (the default) and no.
rekey
whether a connection should be renegotiated when it is about to expire; acceptable values are yes (the default) and no. The two ends need not agree, but while a value of no prevents Pluto from requesting renegotiation, it does not prevent responding to renegotiation requested from the other end, so no will be largely ineffective unless both ends agree on it.
rekeyfuzz
maximum percentage by which rekeymargin should be randomly increased to randomize rekeying intervals (important for hosts with many connections); acceptable values are an integer, which may exceed 100, followed by a `%' (default set by ipsec_pluto(8), currently 100%). The value of rekeymargin, after this random increase, must not exceed keylife. The value 0% will suppress time randomization. Relevant only locally, other end need not agree on it.
rekeymargin
how long before connection expiry or keying-channel expiry should attempts to negotiate a replacement begin; acceptable values as for keylife (default 9m). Relevant only locally, other end need not agree on it.
 

CONN PARAMETERS: MANUAL KEYING

The following parameters are relevant only to manual keying, and are ignored in automatic keying. Unless otherwise noted, for a connection to work, in general it is necessary for the two ends to agree exactly on the values of these parameters. A manually-keyed connection must specify at least one of AH or ESP.
spi
(this or spibase required for manual keying) the SPI number to be used for the connection (see ipsec_manual(8)); must be of the form 0xhex, where hex is one or more hexadecimal digits (note, it will generally be necessary to make spi at least 0x100 to be acceptable to KLIPS, and use of SPIs in the range 0x100-0xfff is recommended)
spibase
(this or spi required for manual keying) the base number for the SPIs to be used for the connection (see ipsec_manual(8)); must be of the form 0xhex0, where hex is one or more hexadecimal digits (note, it will generally be necessary to make spibase at least 0x100 for the resulting SPIs to be acceptable to KLIPS, and use of numbers in the range 0x100-0xff0 is recommended)
esp
ESP encryption/authentication algorithm to be used for the connection, e.g. 3des-md5-96 (must be suitable as a value of ipsec_spi(8)'s --esp option); default is not to use ESP
espenckey
ESP encryption key (must be suitable as a value of ipsec_spi(8)'s --enckey option) (may be specified separately for each direction using leftespenckey (leftward SA) and rightespenckey parameters)
espauthkey
ESP authentication key (must be suitable as a value of ipsec_spi(8)'s --authkey option) (may be specified separately for each direction using leftespauthkey (leftward SA) and rightespauthkey parameters)
espreplay_window
ESP replay-window setting, an integer from 0 (the ipsec_manual default, which turns off replay protection) to 64; relevant only if ESP authentication is being used
leftespspi
SPI to be used for the leftward ESP SA, overriding automatic assignment using spi or spibase; typically a hexadecimal number beginning with 0x
ah
AH authentication algorithm to be used for the connection, e.g. hmac-md5-96 (must be suitable as a value of ipsec_spi(8)'s --ah option); default is not to use AH
ahkey
(required if ah is present) AH authentication key (must be suitable as a value of ipsec_spi(8)'s --authkey option) (may be specified separately for each direction using leftahkey (leftward SA) and rightahkey parameters)
ahreplay_window
AH replay-window setting, an integer from 0 (the ipsec_manual default, which turns off replay protection) to 64
leftahspi
SPI to be used for the leftward AH SA, overriding automatic assignment using spi or spibase; typically a hexadecimal number beginning with 0x
 

CA SECTIONS

This are optional sections that can be used to assign special parameters to a Certification Authority (CA).
auto
currently can have either the value ignore or add
cacert
defines a path to the CA certificate either relative to /etc/ipsec/ipsec.d/cacerts or as an absolute path.
crluri
defines a CRL distribution point (ldap, http, or file URI)
crluri2
defines an alternative CRL distribution point (ldap, http, or file URI)
ldaphost
defines an ldap host.
ocspuri
defines an OCSP URI.
 

CONFIG SECTIONS

At present, the only config section known to the IPsec software is the one named setup, which contains information used when the software is being started (see ipsec_setup(8)). Here's an example:


config setup
 interfaces="ipsec0=eth1 ipsec1=ppp0"
 klipsdebug=none
 plutodebug=all
 manualstart=

Parameters are optional unless marked ``(required)''. The currently-accepted parameter names in a config setup section are:

myid
the identity to be used for %myid. %myid is used in the implicit policy group conns and can be used as an identity in explicit conns. If unspecified, %myid is set to the IP address in %defaultroute (if that is supported by a TXT record in its reverse domain), or otherwise the system's hostname (if that is supported by a TXT record in its forward domain), or otherwise it is undefined. An explicit value generally starts with ``@''.
interfaces
virtual and physical interfaces for IPsec to use: a single virtual=physical pair, a (quoted!) list of pairs separated by white space, or %none. One of the pairs may be written as %defaultroute, which means: find the interface d that the default route points to, and then act as if the value was ``ipsec0=d''. %defaultroute is the default; %none must be used to denote no interfaces. If %defaultroute is used (implicitly or explicitly) information about the default route and its interface is noted for use by ipsec_manual(8) and ipsec_auto(8).)
forwardcontrol
whether setup should turn IP forwarding on (if it's not already on) as IPsec is started, and turn it off again (if it was off) as IPsec is stopped; acceptable values are yes and (the default) no. For this to have full effect, forwarding must be disabled before the hardware interfaces are brought up (e.g., net.ipv4.ip_forward = 0 in Red Hat 6.x /etc/sysctl.conf), because IPsec doesn't get control early enough to do that.
rp_filter
whether and how setup should adjust the reverse path filtering mechanism for the physical devices to be used. Values are %unchanged (to leave it alone) or 0, 1, 2 (values to set it to). /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/PHYS/rp_filter is badly documented; it must be 0 in many cases for ipsec to function. The default value for the parameter is 0.
syslog
the syslog(2) ``facility'' name and priority to use for startup/shutdown log messages, default daemon.error.
klipsdebug
how much KLIPS debugging output should be logged. An empty value, or the magic value none, means no debugging output (the default). The magic value all means full output. Otherwise only the specified types of output (a quoted list, names separated by white space) are enabled; for details on available debugging types, see ipsec_klipsdebug(8).
plutodebug
how much Pluto debugging output should be logged. An empty value, or the magic value none, means no debugging output (the default). The magic value all means full output. Otherwise only the specified types of output (a quoted list, names without the --debug- prefix, separated by white space) are enabled; for details on available debugging types, see ipsec_pluto(8).
plutoopts
additional options to pass to pluto upon startup. See ipsec_pluto(8).
plutostderrlog
do not use syslog, but rather log to stderr, and direct stderr to the argument file.
dumpdir
in what directory should things started by setup (notably the Pluto daemon) be allowed to dump core? The empty value (the default) means they are not allowed to.
manualstart
which manually-keyed connections to set up at startup (empty, a name, or a quoted list of names separated by white space); see ipsec_manual(8). Default is none.
pluto
whether to start Pluto or not; Values are yes (the default) or no (useful only in special circumstances).
plutowait
should Pluto wait for each negotiation attempt that is part of startup to finish before proceeding with the next? Values are yes or no (the default).
prepluto
shell command to run before starting Pluto (e.g., to decrypt an encrypted copy of the ipsec.secrets file). It's run in a very simple way; complexities like I/O redirection are best hidden within a script. Any output is redirected for logging, so running interactive commands is difficult unless they use /dev/tty or equivalent for their interaction. Default is none.
postpluto
shell command to run after starting Pluto (e.g., to remove a decrypted copy of the ipsec.secrets file). It's run in a very simple way; complexities like I/O redirection are best hidden within a script. Any output is redirected for logging, so running interactive commands is difficult unless they use /dev/tty or equivalent for their interaction. Default is none.
fragicmp
whether a tunnel's need to fragment a packet should be reported back with an ICMP message, in an attempt to make the sender lower his PMTU estimate; acceptable values are yes (the default) and no.
hidetos
whether a tunnel packet's TOS field should be set to 0 rather than copied from the user packet inside; acceptable values are yes (the default) and no.
uniqueids
whether a particular participant ID should be kept unique, with any new (automatically keyed) connection using an ID from a different IP address deemed to replace all old ones using that ID; acceptable values are yes (the default) and no. Participant IDs normally are unique, so a new (automatically-keyed) connection using the same ID is almost invariably intended to replace an old one.
overridemtu
value that the MTU of the ipsecn interface(s) should be set to, overriding IPsec's (large) default. This parameter is needed only in special situations.
nat_traversal
crlcheckinterval
strictcrlpolicy
pkcs11module
pkcs11keepstate

 

CHOOSING A CONNECTION

When choosing a connection to apply to an outbound packet caught with a %trap, the system prefers the one with the most specific eroute that includes the packet's source and destination IP addresses. Source subnets are examined before destination subnets. For initiating, only routed connections are considered. For responding, unrouted but added connections are considered.

When choosing a connection to use to respond to a negotiation which doesn't match an ordinary conn, an opportunistic connection may be instantiated. Eventually, its instance will be /32 -> /32, but for earlier stages of the negotiation, there will not be enough information about the client subnets to complete the instantiation.  

FILES

/etc/ipsec/ipsec.conf
/etc/ipsec/ipsec.d/cacerts
/etc/ipsec/ipsec.d/certs
/etc/ipsec/ipsec.d/crls
/etc/ipsec/ipsec.d/aacerts
/etc/ipsec/ipsec.d/acerts

 

SEE ALSO

ipsec(8), ipsec_ttoaddr(8), ipsec_auto(8), ipsec_manual(8), ipsec_rsasigkey(8)  

HISTORY

Written for the FreeS/WAN project <http://www.freeswan.org> by Henry Spencer. Extended for the strongSwan project <http://www.strongswan.org> by Andreas Steffen.  

BUGS

When type or failureshunt is set to drop or reject, strongSwan blocks outbound packets using eroutes, but assumes inbound blocking is handled by the firewall. strongSwan offers firewall hooks via an ``updown'' script. However, the default ipsec _updown provides no help in controlling a modern firewall.

Including attributes of the keying channel (authentication methods, ikelifetime, etc.) as an attribute of a connection, rather than of a participant pair, is dubious and incurs limitations.

Ipsec_manual is not nearly as generous about the syntax of subnets, addresses, etc. as the usual strongSwan user interfaces. Four-component dotted-decimal must be used for all addresses. It is smart enough to translate bit-count netmasks to dotted-decimal form.

It would be good to have a line-continuation syntax, especially for the very long lines involved in RSA signature keys.

The ability to specify different identities, authby, and public keys for different automatic-keyed connections between the same participants is misleading; this doesn't work dependably because the identity of the participants is not known early enough. This is especially awkward for the ``Road Warrior'' case, where the remote IP address is specified as 0.0.0.0, and that is considered to be the ``participant'' for such connections.

In principle it might be necessary to control MTU on an interface-by-interface basis, rather than with the single global override that overridemtu provides.

A number of features which could be implemented in both manual and automatic keying actually are not yet implemented for manual keying. This is unlikely to be fixed any time soon.

If conns are to be added before DNS is available, left=FQDN, leftnextop=FQDN, and leftrsasigkey=%dnsonload will fail. ipsec_pluto(8) does not actually use the public key for our side of a conn but it isn't generally known at a add-time which side is ours (Road Warrior and Opportunistic conns are currently exceptions).

The myid option does not affect explicit ipsec auto --add or ipsec auto --replace commands for implicit conns.


 

Index

NAME
DESCRIPTION
CONN SECTIONS
CONN PARAMETERS: GENERAL
CONN PARAMETERS: AUTOMATIC KEYING
CONN PARAMETERS: MANUAL KEYING
CA SECTIONS
CONFIG SECTIONS
CHOOSING A CONNECTION
FILES
SEE ALSO
HISTORY
BUGS

This document was created by man2html using the manual pages.
Time: 17:31:17 GMT, October 23, 2013

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