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ffplay


  1. ffplay.1.man


1. ffplay.1.man

Manpage of FFPLAY

FFPLAY

Section: (1)
Updated: 2012-01-02
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

ffplay - FFplay media player  

SYNOPSIS

ffplay [options] [input_file]  

DESCRIPTION

FFplay is a very simple and portable media player using the FFmpeg libraries and the SDL library. It is mostly used as a testbed for the various FFmpeg APIs.  

OPTIONS

All the numerical options, if not specified otherwise, accept in input a string representing a number, which may contain one of the International System number postfixes, for example 'K', 'M', 'G'. If 'i' is appended after the postfix, powers of 2 are used instead of powers of 10. The 'B' postfix multiplies the value for 8, and can be appended after another postfix or used alone. This allows using for example 'KB', 'MiB', 'G' and 'B' as postfix.

Options which do not take arguments are boolean options, and set the corresponding value to true. They can be set to false by prefixing with ``no'' the option name, for example using ``-nofoo'' in the commandline will set to false the boolean option with name ``foo''.  

Generic options

These options are shared amongst the ff* tools.
-L
Show license.
-h, -?, -help, --help
Show help.
-version
Show version.
-formats
Show available formats.

The fields preceding the format names have the following meanings:

D
Decoding available
E
Encoding available
-codecs
Show available codecs.

The fields preceding the codec names have the following meanings:

D
Decoding available
E
Encoding available
V/A/S
Video/audio/subtitle codec
S
Codec supports slices
D
Codec supports direct rendering
T
Codec can handle input truncated at random locations instead of only at frame boundaries
-bsfs
Show available bitstream filters.
-protocols
Show available protocols.
-filters
Show available libavfilter filters.
-pix_fmts
Show available pixel formats.
-loglevel loglevel
Set the logging level used by the library. loglevel is a number or a string containing one of the following values:
quiet
panic
fatal
error
warning
info
verbose
debug

By default the program logs to stderr, if coloring is supported by the terminal, colors are used to mark errors and warnings. Log coloring can be disabled setting the environment variable FFMPEG_FORCE_NOCOLOR or NO_COLOR, or can be forced setting the environment variable FFMPEG_FORCE_COLOR. The use of the environment variable NO_COLOR is deprecated and will be dropped in a following FFmpeg version.

 

Main options

-x width
Force displayed width.
-y height
Force displayed height.
-s size
Set frame size (WxH or abbreviation), needed for videos which don't contain a header with the frame size like raw YUV.
-an
Disable audio.
-vn
Disable video.
-ss pos
Seek to a given position in seconds.
-t duration
play <duration> seconds of audio/video
-bytes
Seek by bytes.
-nodisp
Disable graphical display.
-f fmt
Force format.
-window_title title
Set window title (default is the input filename).
-loop number
Loops movie playback <number> times. 0 means forever.
-showmode mode
Set the show mode to use. Available values for mode are:
0, video
show video
1, waves
show audio waves
2, rdft
show audio frequency band using RDFT ((Inverse) Real Discrete Fourier Transform)

Default value is ``video'', if video is not present or cannot be played ``rdft'' is automatically selected.

You can interactively cycle through the available show modes by pressing the key w.

-vf filter_graph
filter_graph is a description of the filter graph to apply to the input video. Use the option ``-filters'' to show all the available filters (including also sources and sinks).
-i input_file
Read input_file.
 

Advanced options

-pix_fmt format
Set pixel format.
-stats
Show the stream duration, the codec parameters, the current position in the stream and the audio/video synchronisation drift.
-bug
Work around bugs.
-fast
Non-spec-compliant optimizations.
-genpts
Generate pts.
-rtp_tcp
Force RTP/TCP protocol usage instead of RTP/UDP. It is only meaningful if you are streaming with the RTSP protocol.
-sync type
Set the master clock to audio ("type=audio"), video ("type=video") or external ("type=ext"). Default is audio. The master clock is used to control audio-video synchronization. Most media players use audio as master clock, but in some cases (streaming or high quality broadcast) it is necessary to change that. This option is mainly used for debugging purposes.
-threads count
Set the thread count.
-ast audio_stream_number
Select the desired audio stream number, counting from 0. The number refers to the list of all the input audio streams. If it is greater than the number of audio streams minus one, then the last one is selected, if it is negative the audio playback is disabled.
-vst video_stream_number
Select the desired video stream number, counting from 0. The number refers to the list of all the input video streams. If it is greater than the number of video streams minus one, then the last one is selected, if it is negative the video playback is disabled.
-sst subtitle_stream_number
Select the desired subtitle stream number, counting from 0. The number refers to the list of all the input subtitle streams. If it is greater than the number of subtitle streams minus one, then the last one is selected, if it is negative the subtitle rendering is disabled.
-autoexit
Exit when video is done playing.
-exitonkeydown
Exit if any key is pressed.
-exitonmousedown
Exit if any mouse button is pressed.
 

While playing

q, ESC
Quit.
f
Toggle full screen.
p, SPC
Pause.
a
Cycle audio channel.
v
Cycle video channel.
t
Cycle subtitle channel.
w
Show audio waves.
left/right
Seek backward/forward 10 seconds.
down/up
Seek backward/forward 1 minute.
mouse click
Seek to percentage in file corresponding to fraction of width.
 

EXPRESSION EVALUATION

When evaluating an arithemetic expression, FFmpeg uses an internal formula evaluator, implemented through the libavutil/eval.h interface.

An expression may contain unary, binary operators, constants, and functions.

Two expressions expr1 and expr2 can be combined to form another expression "expr1;expr2". expr1 and expr2 are evaluated in turn, and the new expression evaluates to the value of expr2.

The following binary operators are available: "+", "-", "*", "/", "^".

The following unary operators are available: "+", "-".

The following functions are available:

sinh(x)
cosh(x)
tanh(x)
sin(x)
cos(x)
tan(x)
atan(x)
asin(x)
acos(x)
exp(x)
log(x)
abs(x)
squish(x)
gauss(x)
isnan(x)
Return 1.0 if x is NAN, 0.0 otherwise.
mod(x, y)
max(x, y)
min(x, y)
eq(x, y)
gte(x, y)
gt(x, y)
lte(x, y)
lt(x, y)
st(var, expr)
Allow to store the value of the expression expr in an internal variable. var specifies the number of the variable where to store the value, and it is a value ranging from 0 to 9. The function returns the value stored in the internal variable.
ld(var)
Allow to load the value of the internal variable with number var, which was previosly stored with st(var, expr). The function returns the loaded value.
while(cond, expr)
Evaluate expression expr while the expression cond is non-zero, and returns the value of the last expr evaluation, or NAN if cond was always false.
ceil(expr)
Round the value of expression expr upwards to the nearest integer. For example, ``ceil(1.5)'' is ``2.0''.
floor(expr)
Round the value of expression expr downwards to the nearest integer. For example, ``floor(-1.5)'' is ``-2.0''.
trunc(expr)
Round the value of expression expr towards zero to the nearest integer. For example, ``trunc(-1.5)'' is ``-1.0''.
sqrt(expr)
Compute the square root of expr. This is equivalent to "(expr)^.5".
not(expr)
Return 1.0 if expr is zero, 0.0 otherwise.
pow(x, y)
Compute the power of x elevated y, it is equivalent to "(x)^(y)".

Note that:

"*" works like AND

"+" works like OR

thus

        if A then B else C

is equivalent to

        A*B + not(A)*C

In your C code, you can extend the list of unary and binary functions, and define recognized constants, so that they are available for your expressions.

The evaluator also recognizes the International System number postfixes. If 'i' is appended after the postfix, powers of 2 are used instead of powers of 10. The 'B' postfix multiplies the value for 8, and can be appended after another postfix or used alone. This allows using for example 'KB', 'MiB', 'G' and 'B' as postfix.

Follows the list of available International System postfixes, with indication of the corresponding powers of 10 and of 2.

y
-24 / -80
z
-21 / -70
a
-18 / -60
f
-15 / -50
p
-12 / -40
n
-9 / -30
u
-6 / -20
m
-3 / -10
c
-2
d
-1
h
2
k
3 / 10
K
3 / 10
M
6 / 20
G
9 / 30
T
12 / 40
P
15 / 40
E
18 / 50
Z
21 / 60
Y
24 / 70
 

DECODERS

Decoders are configured elements in FFmpeg which allow the decoding of multimedia streams.

When you configure your FFmpeg build, all the supported native decoders are enabled by default. Decoders requiring an external library must be enabled manually via the corresponding "--enable-lib" option. You can list all available decoders using the configure option "--list-decoders".

You can disable all the decoders with the configure option "--disable-decoders" and selectively enable / disable single decoders with the options "--enable-decoder=DECODER" / "--disable-decoder=DECODER".

The option "-codecs" of the ff* tools will display the list of enabled decoders.  

VIDEO DECODERS

A description of some of the currently available video decoders follows.  

rawvideo

Rawvideo decoder.

This decoder decodes rawvideo streams.

Options

top top_field_first
Specify the assumed field type of the input video.
-1
the video is assumed to be progressive (default)
0
bottom-field-first is assumed
1
top-field-first is assumed
 

DEMUXERS

Demuxers are configured elements in FFmpeg which allow to read the multimedia streams from a particular type of file.

When you configure your FFmpeg build, all the supported demuxers are enabled by default. You can list all available ones using the configure option ``--list-demuxers''.

You can disable all the demuxers using the configure option ``--disable-demuxers'', and selectively enable a single demuxer with the option "--enable-demuxer=DEMUXER``, or disable it with the option ''--disable-demuxer=DEMUXER".

The option ``-formats'' of the ff* tools will display the list of enabled demuxers.

The description of some of the currently available demuxers follows.  

image2

Image file demuxer.

This demuxer reads from a list of image files specified by a pattern.

The pattern may contain the string ``%d'' or "%0Nd``, which specifies the position of the characters representing a sequential number in each filename matched by the pattern. If the form ''%d0Nd" is used, the string representing the number in each filename is 0-padded and N is the total number of 0-padded digits representing the number. The literal character '%' can be specified in the pattern with the string ``%%''.

If the pattern contains ``%d'' or "%0Nd", the first filename of the file list specified by the pattern must contain a number inclusively contained between 0 and 4, all the following numbers must be sequential. This limitation may be hopefully fixed.

The pattern may contain a suffix which is used to automatically determine the format of the images contained in the files.

For example the pattern ``img-%03d.bmp'' will match a sequence of filenames of the form img-001.bmp, img-002.bmp, ..., img-010.bmp, etc.; the pattern ``i%%m%%g-%d.jpg'' will match a sequence of filenames of the form i%m%g-1.jpg, i%m%g-2.jpg, ..., i%m%g-10.jpg, etc.

The size, the pixel format, and the format of each image must be the same for all the files in the sequence.

The following example shows how to use ffmpeg for creating a video from the images in the file sequence img-001.jpeg, img-002.jpeg, ..., assuming an input framerate of 10 frames per second:

        ffmpeg -r 10 -f image2 -i 'img-%03d.jpeg' out.avi

Note that the pattern must not necessarily contain ``%d'' or "%0Nd", for example to convert a single image file img.jpeg you can employ the command:

        ffmpeg -f image2 -i img.jpeg img.png

 

applehttp

Apple HTTP Live Streaming demuxer.

This demuxer presents all AVStreams from all variant streams. The id field is set to the bitrate variant index number. By setting the discard flags on AVStreams (by pressing 'a' or 'v' in ffplay), the caller can decide which variant streams to actually receive. The total bitrate of the variant that the stream belongs to is available in a metadata key named ``variant_bitrate''.  

MUXERS

Muxers are configured elements in FFmpeg which allow writing multimedia streams to a particular type of file.

When you configure your FFmpeg build, all the supported muxers are enabled by default. You can list all available muxers using the configure option "--list-muxers".

You can disable all the muxers with the configure option "--disable-muxers" and selectively enable / disable single muxers with the options "--enable-muxer=MUXER" / "--disable-muxer=MUXER".

The option "-formats" of the ff* tools will display the list of enabled muxers.

A description of some of the currently available muxers follows.  

crc

CRC (Cyclic Redundancy Check) testing format.

This muxer computes and prints the Adler-32 CRC of all the input audio and video frames. By default audio frames are converted to signed 16-bit raw audio and video frames to raw video before computing the CRC.

The output of the muxer consists of a single line of the form: CRC=0xCRC, where CRC is a hexadecimal number 0-padded to 8 digits containing the CRC for all the decoded input frames.

For example to compute the CRC of the input, and store it in the file out.crc:

        ffmpeg -i INPUT -f crc out.crc

You can print the CRC to stdout with the command:

        ffmpeg -i INPUT -f crc -

You can select the output format of each frame with ffmpeg by specifying the audio and video codec and format. For example to compute the CRC of the input audio converted to PCM unsigned 8-bit and the input video converted to MPEG-2 video, use the command:

        ffmpeg -i INPUT -acodec pcm_u8 -vcodec mpeg2video -f crc -

See also the "framecrc" muxer.  

framecrc

Per-frame CRC (Cyclic Redundancy Check) testing format.

This muxer computes and prints the Adler-32 CRC for each decoded audio and video frame. By default audio frames are converted to signed 16-bit raw audio and video frames to raw video before computing the CRC.

The output of the muxer consists of a line for each audio and video frame of the form: stream_index, frame_dts, frame_size, 0xCRC, where CRC is a hexadecimal number 0-padded to 8 digits containing the CRC of the decoded frame.

For example to compute the CRC of each decoded frame in the input, and store it in the file out.crc:

        ffmpeg -i INPUT -f framecrc out.crc

You can print the CRC of each decoded frame to stdout with the command:

        ffmpeg -i INPUT -f framecrc -

You can select the output format of each frame with ffmpeg by specifying the audio and video codec and format. For example, to compute the CRC of each decoded input audio frame converted to PCM unsigned 8-bit and of each decoded input video frame converted to MPEG-2 video, use the command:

        ffmpeg -i INPUT -acodec pcm_u8 -vcodec mpeg2video -f framecrc -

See also the "crc" muxer.  

image2

Image file muxer.

The image file muxer writes video frames to image files.

The output filenames are specified by a pattern, which can be used to produce sequentially numbered series of files. The pattern may contain the string ``%d'' or "%0Nd``, this string specifies the position of the characters representing a numbering in the filenames. If the form ''%0Nd" is used, the string representing the number in each filename is 0-padded to N digits. The literal character '%' can be specified in the pattern with the string ``%%''.

If the pattern contains ``%d'' or "%0Nd", the first filename of the file list specified will contain the number 1, all the following numbers will be sequential.

The pattern may contain a suffix which is used to automatically determine the format of the image files to write.

For example the pattern ``img-%03d.bmp'' will specify a sequence of filenames of the form img-001.bmp, img-002.bmp, ..., img-010.bmp, etc. The pattern ``img%%-%d.jpg'' will specify a sequence of filenames of the form img%-1.jpg, img%-2.jpg, ..., img%-10.jpg, etc.

The following example shows how to use ffmpeg for creating a sequence of files img-001.jpeg, img-002.jpeg, ..., taking one image every second from the input video:

        ffmpeg -i in.avi -r 1 -f image2 'img-%03d.jpeg'

Note that with ffmpeg, if the format is not specified with the "-f" option and the output filename specifies an image file format, the image2 muxer is automatically selected, so the previous command can be written as:

        ffmpeg -i in.avi -r 1 'img-%03d.jpeg'

Note also that the pattern must not necessarily contain ``%d'' or "%0Nd", for example to create a single image file img.jpeg from the input video you can employ the command:

        ffmpeg -i in.avi -f image2 -vframes 1 img.jpeg

The image muxer supports the .Y.U.V image file format. This format is special in that that each image frame consists of three files, for each of the YUV420P components. To read or write this image file format, specify the name of the '.Y' file. The muxer will automatically open the '.U' and '.V' files as required.  

mpegts

MPEG transport stream muxer.

This muxer implements ISO 13818-1 and part of ETSI EN 300 468.

The muxer options are:

-mpegts_original_network_id number
Set the original_network_id (default 0x0001). This is unique identifier of a network in DVB. Its main use is in the unique identification of a service through the path Original_Network_ID, Transport_Stream_ID.
-mpegts_transport_stream_id number
Set the transport_stream_id (default 0x0001). This identifies a transponder in DVB.
-mpegts_service_id number
Set the service_id (default 0x0001) also known as program in DVB.
-mpegts_pmt_start_pid number
Set the first PID for PMT (default 0x1000, max 0x1f00).
-mpegts_start_pid number
Set the first PID for data packets (default 0x0100, max 0x0f00).

The recognized metadata settings in mpegts muxer are "service_provider" and "service_name". If they are not set the default for "service_provider" is ``FFmpeg'' and the default for "service_name" is ``Service01''.

        ffmpeg -i file.mpg -acodec copy -vcodec copy \
             -mpegts_original_network_id 0x1122 \
             -mpegts_transport_stream_id 0x3344 \
             -mpegts_service_id 0x5566 \
             -mpegts_pmt_start_pid 0x1500 \
             -mpegts_start_pid 0x150 \
             -metadata service_provider="Some provider" \
             -metadata service_name="Some Channel" \
             -y out.ts

 

null

Null muxer.

This muxer does not generate any output file, it is mainly useful for testing or benchmarking purposes.

For example to benchmark decoding with ffmpeg you can use the command:

        ffmpeg -benchmark -i INPUT -f null out.null

Note that the above command does not read or write the out.null file, but specifying the output file is required by the ffmpeg syntax.

Alternatively you can write the command as:

        ffmpeg -benchmark -i INPUT -f null -

 

matroska

Matroska container muxer.

This muxer implements the matroska and webm container specs.

The recognized metadata settings in this muxer are:

title=title name
Name provided to a single track
language=language name
Specifies the language of the track in the Matroska languages form
stereo_mode=mode
Stereo 3D video layout of two views in a single video track
mono
video is not stereo
left_right
Both views are arranged side by side, Left-eye view is on the left
bottom_top
Both views are arranged in top-bottom orientation, Left-eye view is at bottom
top_bottom
Both views are arranged in top-bottom orientation, Left-eye view is on top
checkerboard_rl
Each view is arranged in a checkerboard interleaved pattern, Left-eye view being first
checkerboard_lr
Each view is arranged in a checkerboard interleaved pattern, Right-eye view being first
row_interleaved_rl
Each view is constituted by a row based interleaving, Right-eye view is first row
row_interleaved_lr
Each view is constituted by a row based interleaving, Left-eye view is first row
col_interleaved_rl
Both views are arranged in a column based interleaving manner, Right-eye view is first column
col_interleaved_lr
Both views are arranged in a column based interleaving manner, Left-eye view is first column
anaglyph_cyan_red
All frames are in anaglyph format viewable through red-cyan filters
right_left
Both views are arranged side by side, Right-eye view is on the left
anaglyph_green_magenta
All frames are in anaglyph format viewable through green-magenta filters
block_lr
Both eyes laced in one Block, Left-eye view is first
block_rl
Both eyes laced in one Block, Right-eye view is first

For example a 3D WebM clip can be created using the following command line:

        ffmpeg -i sample_left_right_clip.mpg -an -vcodec libvpx -metadata stereo_mode=left_right -y stereo_clip.webm

 

INPUT DEVICES

Input devices are configured elements in FFmpeg which allow to access the data coming from a multimedia device attached to your system.

When you configure your FFmpeg build, all the supported input devices are enabled by default. You can list all available ones using the configure option ``--list-indevs''.

You can disable all the input devices using the configure option ``--disable-indevs'', and selectively enable an input device using the option "--enable-indev=INDEV``, or you can disable a particular input device using the option ''--disable-indev=INDEV".

The option ``-formats'' of the ff* tools will display the list of supported input devices (amongst the demuxers).

A description of the currently available input devices follows.  

alsa

ALSA (Advanced Linux Sound Architecture) input device.

To enable this input device during configuration you need libasound installed on your system.

This device allows capturing from an ALSA device. The name of the device to capture has to be an ALSA card identifier.

An ALSA identifier has the syntax:

        hw:<CARD>[,<DEV>[,<SUBDEV>]]

where the DEV and SUBDEV components are optional.

The three arguments (in order: CARD,DEV,SUBDEV) specify card number or identifier, device number and subdevice number (-1 means any).

To see the list of cards currently recognized by your system check the files /proc/asound/cards and /proc/asound/devices.

For example to capture with ffmpeg from an ALSA device with card id 0, you may run the command:

        ffmpeg -f alsa -i hw:0 alsaout.wav

For more information see: <http://www.alsa-project.org/alsa-doc/alsa-lib/pcm>  

bktr

BSD video input device.  

dv1394

Linux DV 1394 input device.  

fbdev

Linux framebuffer input device.

The Linux framebuffer is a graphic hardware-independent abstraction layer to show graphics on a computer monitor, typically on the console. It is accessed through a file device node, usually /dev/fb0.

For more detailed information read the file Documentation/fb/framebuffer.txt included in the Linux source tree.

To record from the framebuffer device /dev/fb0 with ffmpeg:

        ffmpeg -f fbdev -r 10 -i /dev/fb0 out.avi

You can take a single screenshot image with the command:

        ffmpeg -f fbdev -vframes 1 -r 1 -i /dev/fb0 screenshot.jpeg

See also <http://linux-fbdev.sourceforge.net/>, and fbset(1).  

jack

JACK input device.

To enable this input device during configuration you need libjack installed on your system.

A JACK input device creates one or more JACK writable clients, one for each audio channel, with name client_name:input_N, where client_name is the name provided by the application, and N is a number which identifies the channel. Each writable client will send the acquired data to the FFmpeg input device.

Once you have created one or more JACK readable clients, you need to connect them to one or more JACK writable clients.

To connect or disconnect JACK clients you can use the jack_connect and jack_disconnect programs, or do it through a graphical interface, for example with qjackctl.

To list the JACK clients and their properties you can invoke the command jack_lsp.

Follows an example which shows how to capture a JACK readable client with ffmpeg.

        # Create a JACK writable client with name "ffmpeg".
        $ ffmpeg -f jack -i ffmpeg -y out.wav
        
        # Start the sample jack_metro readable client.
        $ jack_metro -b 120 -d 0.2 -f 4000
        
        # List the current JACK clients.
        $ jack_lsp -c
        system:capture_1
        system:capture_2
        system:playback_1
        system:playback_2
        ffmpeg:input_1
        metro:120_bpm
        
        # Connect metro to the ffmpeg writable client.
        $ jack_connect metro:120_bpm ffmpeg:input_1

For more information read: <http://jackaudio.org/>  

libdc1394

IIDC1394 input device, based on libdc1394 and libraw1394.  

oss

Open Sound System input device.

The filename to provide to the input device is the device node representing the OSS input device, and is usually set to /dev/dsp.

For example to grab from /dev/dsp using ffmpeg use the command:

        ffmpeg -f oss -i /dev/dsp /tmp/oss.wav

For more information about OSS see: <http://manuals.opensound.com/usersguide/dsp>  

sndio

sndio input device.

To enable this input device during configuration you need libsndio installed on your system.

The filename to provide to the input device is the device node representing the sndio input device, and is usually set to /dev/audio0.

For example to grab from /dev/audio0 using ffmpeg use the command:

        ffmpeg -f sndio -i /dev/audio0 /tmp/oss.wav

 

video4linux and video4linux2

Video4Linux and Video4Linux2 input video devices.

The name of the device to grab is a file device node, usually Linux systems tend to automatically create such nodes when the device (e.g. an USB webcam) is plugged into the system, and has a name of the kind /dev/videoN, where N is a number associated to the device.

Video4Linux and Video4Linux2 devices only support a limited set of widthxheight sizes and framerates. You can check which are supported for example with the command dov4l for Video4Linux devices and the command v4l-info for Video4Linux2 devices.

If the size for the device is set to 0x0, the input device will try to autodetect the size to use. Only for the video4linux2 device, if the frame rate is set to 0/0 the input device will use the frame rate value already set in the driver.

Video4Linux support is deprecated since Linux 2.6.30, and will be dropped in later versions.

Follow some usage examples of the video4linux devices with the ff* tools.

        # Grab and show the input of a video4linux device, frame rate is set
        # to the default of 25/1.
        ffplay -s 320x240 -f video4linux /dev/video0
        
        # Grab and show the input of a video4linux2 device, autoadjust size.
        ffplay -f video4linux2 /dev/video0
        
        # Grab and record the input of a video4linux2 device, autoadjust size,
        # frame rate value defaults to 0/0 so it is read from the video4linux2
        # driver.
        ffmpeg -f video4linux2 -i /dev/video0 out.mpeg

 

vfwcap

VfW (Video for Windows) capture input device.

The filename passed as input is the capture driver number, ranging from 0 to 9. You may use ``list'' as filename to print a list of drivers. Any other filename will be interpreted as device number 0.  

x11grab

X11 video input device.

This device allows to capture a region of an X11 display.

The filename passed as input has the syntax:

        [<hostname>]:<display_number>.<screen_number>[+<x_offset>,<y_offset>]

hostname:display_number.screen_number specifies the X11 display name of the screen to grab from. hostname can be ommitted, and defaults to ``localhost''. The environment variable DISPLAY contains the default display name.

x_offset and y_offset specify the offsets of the grabbed area with respect to the top-left border of the X11 screen. They default to 0.

Check the X11 documentation (e.g. man X) for more detailed information.

Use the dpyinfo program for getting basic information about the properties of your X11 display (e.g. grep for ``name'' or ``dimensions'').

For example to grab from :0.0 using ffmpeg:

        ffmpeg -f x11grab -r 25 -s cif -i :0.0 out.mpg
        
        # Grab at position 10,20.
        ffmpeg -f x11grab -25 -s cif -i :0.0+10,20 out.mpg

 

OUTPUT DEVICES

Output devices are configured elements in FFmpeg which allow to write multimedia data to an output device attached to your system.

When you configure your FFmpeg build, all the supported output devices are enabled by default. You can list all available ones using the configure option ``--list-outdevs''.

You can disable all the output devices using the configure option ``--disable-outdevs'', and selectively enable an output device using the option "--enable-outdev=OUTDEV``, or you can disable a particular input device using the option ''--disable-outdev=OUTDEV".

The option ``-formats'' of the ff* tools will display the list of enabled output devices (amongst the muxers).

A description of the currently available output devices follows.  

alsa

ALSA (Advanced Linux Sound Architecture) output device.  

oss

OSS (Open Sound System) output device.  

sdl

SDL (Simple Directmedia Layer) output device.

This output devices allows to show a video stream in an SDL window. Only one SDL window is allowed per application, so you can have only one instance of this output device in an application.

To enable this output device you need libsdl installed on your system when configuring your build.

For more information about SDL, check: <http://www.libsdl.org/>

Options

window_title
Set the SDL window title, if not specified default to the filename specified for the output device.
icon_title
Set the name of the iconified SDL window, if not specified it is set to the same value of window_title.
window_size
Set the SDL window size, can be a string of the form widthxheight or a video size abbreviation. If not specified it defaults to the size of the input video.

Examples

The following command shows the ffmpeg output is an SDL window, forcing its size to the qcif format:

        ffmpeg -i INPUT -vcodec rawvideo -pix_fmt yuv420p -window_size qcif -f sdl "SDL output"

 

sndio

sndio audio output device.  

PROTOCOLS

Protocols are configured elements in FFmpeg which allow to access resources which require the use of a particular protocol.

When you configure your FFmpeg build, all the supported protocols are enabled by default. You can list all available ones using the configure option ``--list-protocols''.

You can disable all the protocols using the configure option ``--disable-protocols'', and selectively enable a protocol using the option "--enable-protocol=PROTOCOL``, or you can disable a particular protocol using the option ''--disable-protocol=PROTOCOL".

The option ``-protocols'' of the ff* tools will display the list of supported protocols.

A description of the currently available protocols follows.  

applehttp

Read Apple HTTP Live Streaming compliant segmented stream as a uniform one. The M3U8 playlists describing the segments can be remote HTTP resources or local files, accessed using the standard file protocol. HTTP is default, specific protocol can be declared by specifying "+proto" after the applehttp URI scheme name, where proto is either ``file'' or ``http''.

        applehttp://host/path/to/remote/resource.m3u8
        applehttp+http://host/path/to/remote/resource.m3u8
        applehttp+file://path/to/local/resource.m3u8

 

concat

Physical concatenation protocol.

Allow to read and seek from many resource in sequence as if they were a unique resource.

A URL accepted by this protocol has the syntax:

        concat:<URL1>|<URL2>|...|<URLN>

where URL1, URL2, ..., URLN are the urls of the resource to be concatenated, each one possibly specifying a distinct protocol.

For example to read a sequence of files split1.mpeg, split2.mpeg, split3.mpeg with ffplay use the command:

        ffplay concat:split1.mpeg\|split2.mpeg\|split3.mpeg

Note that you may need to escape the character ``|'' which is special for many shells.  

file

File access protocol.

Allow to read from or read to a file.

For example to read from a file input.mpeg with ffmpeg use the command:

        ffmpeg -i file:input.mpeg output.mpeg

The ff* tools default to the file protocol, that is a resource specified with the name ``FILE.mpeg'' is interpreted as the URL ``file:FILE.mpeg''.  

gopher

Gopher protocol.  

http

HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol).  

mmst

MMS (Microsoft Media Server) protocol over TCP.  

mmsh

MMS (Microsoft Media Server) protocol over HTTP.

The required syntax is:

        mmsh://<server>[:<port>][/<app>][/<playpath>]

 

md5

MD5 output protocol.

Computes the MD5 hash of the data to be written, and on close writes this to the designated output or stdout if none is specified. It can be used to test muxers without writing an actual file.

Some examples follow.

        # Write the MD5 hash of the encoded AVI file to the file output.avi.md5.
        ffmpeg -i input.flv -f avi -y md5:output.avi.md5
        
        # Write the MD5 hash of the encoded AVI file to stdout.
        ffmpeg -i input.flv -f avi -y md5:

Note that some formats (typically MOV) require the output protocol to be seekable, so they will fail with the MD5 output protocol.  

pipe

UNIX pipe access protocol.

Allow to read and write from UNIX pipes.

The accepted syntax is:

        pipe:[<number>]

number is the number corresponding to the file descriptor of the pipe (e.g. 0 for stdin, 1 for stdout, 2 for stderr). If number is not specified, by default the stdout file descriptor will be used for writing, stdin for reading.

For example to read from stdin with ffmpeg:

        cat test.wav | ffmpeg -i pipe:0
        # ...this is the same as...
        cat test.wav | ffmpeg -i pipe:

For writing to stdout with ffmpeg:

        ffmpeg -i test.wav -f avi pipe:1 | cat > test.avi
        # ...this is the same as...
        ffmpeg -i test.wav -f avi pipe: | cat > test.avi

Note that some formats (typically MOV), require the output protocol to be seekable, so they will fail with the pipe output protocol.  

rtmp

Real-Time Messaging Protocol.

The Real-Time Messaging Protocol (RTMP) is used for streaming multimeaXX dia content across a TCP/IP network.

The required syntax is:

        rtmp://<server>[:<port>][/<app>][/<playpath>]

The accepted parameters are:

server
The address of the RTMP server.
port
The number of the TCP port to use (by default is 1935).
app
It is the name of the application to access. It usually corresponds to the path where the application is installed on the RTMP server (e.g. /ondemand/, /flash/live/, etc.).
playpath
It is the path or name of the resource to play with reference to the application specified in app, may be prefixed by ``mp4:''.

For example to read with ffplay a multimedia resource named ``sample'' from the application ``vod'' from an RTMP server ``myserver'':

        ffplay rtmp://myserver/vod/sample

 

rtmp, rtmpe, rtmps, rtmpt, rtmpte

Real-Time Messaging Protocol and its variants supported through librtmp.

Requires the presence of the librtmp headers and library during configuration. You need to explicitely configure the build with ``--enable-librtmp''. If enabled this will replace the native RTMP protocol.

This protocol provides most client functions and a few server functions needed to support RTMP, RTMP tunneled in HTTP (RTMPT), encrypted RTMP (RTMPE), RTMP over SSL/TLS (RTMPS) and tunneled variants of these encrypted types (RTMPTE, RTMPTS).

The required syntax is:

        <rtmp_proto>://<server>[:<port>][/<app>][/<playpath>] <options>

where rtmp_proto is one of the strings ``rtmp'', ``rtmpt'', ``rtmpe'', ``rtmps'', ``rtmpte'', ``rtmpts'' corresponding to each RTMP variant, and server, port, app and playpath have the same meaning as specified for the RTMP native protocol. options contains a list of space-separated options of the form key=val.

See the librtmp manual page (man 3 librtmp) for more information.

For example, to stream a file in real-time to an RTMP server using ffmpeg:

        ffmpeg -re -i myfile -f flv rtmp://myserver/live/mystream

To play the same stream using ffplay:

        ffplay "rtmp://myserver/live/mystream live=1"

 

rtp

Real-Time Protocol.  

rtsp

RTSP is not technically a protocol handler in libavformat, it is a demuxer and muxer. The demuxer supports both normal RTSP (with data transferred over RTP; this is used by e.g. Apple and Microsoft) and Real-RTSP (with data transferred over RDT).

The muxer can be used to send a stream using RTSP ANNOUNCE to a server supporting it (currently Darwin Streaming Server and Mischa Spiegelmock's RTSP server, <http://github.com/revmischa/rtsp-server>).

The required syntax for a RTSP url is:

        rtsp://<hostname>[:<port>]/<path>[?<options>]

options is a "&"-separated list. The following options are supported:

udp
Use UDP as lower transport protocol.
tcp
Use TCP (interleaving within the RTSP control channel) as lower transport protocol.
multicast
Use UDP multicast as lower transport protocol.
http
Use HTTP tunneling as lower transport protocol, which is useful for passing proxies.
filter_src
Accept packets only from negotiated peer address and port.

Multiple lower transport protocols may be specified, in that case they are tried one at a time (if the setup of one fails, the next one is tried). For the muxer, only the "tcp" and "udp" options are supported.

When receiving data over UDP, the demuxer tries to reorder received packets (since they may arrive out of order, or packets may get lost totally). In order for this to be enabled, a maximum delay must be specified in the "max_delay" field of AVFormatContext.

When watching multi-bitrate Real-RTSP streams with ffplay, the streams to display can be chosen with "-vst" n and "-ast" n for video and audio respectively, and can be switched on the fly by pressing "v" and "a".

Example command lines:

To watch a stream over UDP, with a max reordering delay of 0.5 seconds:

        ffplay -max_delay 500000 rtsp://server/video.mp4?udp

To watch a stream tunneled over HTTP:

        ffplay rtsp://server/video.mp4?http

To send a stream in realtime to a RTSP server, for others to watch:

        ffmpeg -re -i <input> -f rtsp -muxdelay 0.1 rtsp://server/live.sdp

 

sap

Session Announcement Protocol (RFC 2974). This is not technically a protocol handler in libavformat, it is a muxer and demuxer. It is used for signalling of RTP streams, by announcing the SDP for the streams regularly on a separate port.

Muxer

The syntax for a SAP url given to the muxer is:

        sap://<destination>[:<port>][?<options>]

The RTP packets are sent to destination on port port, or to port 5004 if no port is specified. options is a "&"-separated list. The following options are supported:

announce_addr=address
Specify the destination IP address for sending the announcements to. If omitted, the announcements are sent to the commonly used SAP announcement multicast address 224.2.127.254 (sap.mcast.net), or ff0e::2:7ffe if destination is an IPv6 address.
announce_port=port
Specify the port to send the announcements on, defaults to 9875 if not specified.
ttl=ttl
Specify the time to live value for the announcements and RTP packets, defaults to 255.
same_port=0|1
If set to 1, send all RTP streams on the same port pair. If zero (the default), all streams are sent on unique ports, with each stream on a port 2 numbers higher than the previous. VLC/Live555 requires this to be set to 1, to be able to receive the stream. The RTP stack in libavformat for receiving requires all streams to be sent on unique ports.

Example command lines follow.

To broadcast a stream on the local subnet, for watching in VLC:

        ffmpeg -re -i <input> -f sap sap://224.0.0.255?same_port=1

Similarly, for watching in ffplay:

        ffmpeg -re -i <input> -f sap sap://224.0.0.255

And for watching in ffplay, over IPv6:

        ffmpeg -re -i <input> -f sap sap://[ff0e::1:2:3:4]

Demuxer

The syntax for a SAP url given to the demuxer is:

        sap://[<address>][:<port>]

address is the multicast address to listen for announcements on, if omitted, the default 224.2.127.254 (sap.mcast.net) is used. port is the port that is listened on, 9875 if omitted.

The demuxers listens for announcements on the given address and port. Once an announcement is received, it tries to receive that particular stream.

Example command lines follow.

To play back the first stream announced on the normal SAP multicast address:

        ffplay sap://

To play back the first stream announced on one the default IPv6 SAP multicast address:

        ffplay sap://[ff0e::2:7ffe]

 

tcp

Trasmission Control Protocol.

The required syntax for a TCP url is:

        tcp://<hostname>:<port>[?<options>]

listen
Listen for an incoming connection

        ffmpeg -i <input> -f <format> tcp://<hostname>:<port>?listen
        ffplay tcp://<hostname>:<port>

 

udp

User Datagram Protocol.

The required syntax for a UDP url is:

        udp://<hostname>:<port>[?<options>]

options contains a list of &-seperated options of the form key=val. Follow the list of supported options.

buffer_size=size
set the UDP buffer size in bytes
localport=port
override the local UDP port to bind with
pkt_size=size
set the size in bytes of UDP packets
reuse=1|0
explicitly allow or disallow reusing UDP sockets
ttl=ttl
set the time to live value (for multicast only)
connect=1|0
Initialize the UDP socket with "connect()". In this case, the destination address can't be changed with ff_udp_set_remote_url later. If the destination address isn't known at the start, this option can be specified in ff_udp_set_remote_url, too. This allows finding out the source address for the packets with getsockname, and makes writes return with AVERROR(ECONNREFUSED) if ``destination unreachable'' is received. For receiving, this gives the benefit of only receiving packets from the specified peer address/port.

Some usage examples of the udp protocol with ffmpeg follow.

To stream over UDP to a remote endpoint:

        ffmpeg -i <input> -f <format> udp://<hostname>:<port>

To stream in mpegts format over UDP using 188 sized UDP packets, using a large input buffer:

        ffmpeg -i <input> -f mpegts udp://<hostname>:<port>?pkt_size=188&buffer_size=65535

To receive over UDP from a remote endpoint:

        ffmpeg -i udp://[<multicast-address>]:<port>

 

FILTERGRAPH DESCRIPTION

A filtergraph is a directed graph of connected filters. It can contain cycles, and there can be multiple links between a pair of filters. Each link has one input pad on one side connecting it to one filter from which it takes its input, and one output pad on the other side connecting it to the one filter accepting its output.

Each filter in a filtergraph is an instance of a filter class registered in the application, which defines the features and the number of input and output pads of the filter.

A filter with no input pads is called a ``source'', a filter with no output pads is called a ``sink''.  

Filtergraph syntax

A filtergraph can be represented using a textual representation, which is recognized by the "-vf" and "-af" options of the ff* tools, and by the "av_parse_graph()" function defined in libavfilter/avfiltergraph.

A filterchain consists of a sequence of connected filters, each one connected to the previous one in the sequence. A filterchain is represented by a list of ``,''-separated filter descriptions.

A filtergraph consists of a sequence of filterchains. A sequence of filterchains is represented by a list of ``;''-separated filterchain descriptions.

A filter is represented by a string of the form: [in_link_1]...[in_link_N]filter_name=arguments[out_link_1]...[out_link_M]

filter_name is the name of the filter class of which the described filter is an instance of, and has to be the name of one of the filter classes registered in the program. The name of the filter class is optionally followed by a string "=arguments".

arguments is a string which contains the parameters used to initialize the filter instance, and are described in the filter descriptions below.

The list of arguments can be quoted using the character ``''' as initial and ending mark, and the character '\' for escaping the characters within the quoted text; otherwise the argument string is considered terminated when the next special character (belonging to the set ``[]=;,'') is encountered.

The name and arguments of the filter are optionally preceded and followed by a list of link labels. A link label allows to name a link and associate it to a filter output or input pad. The preceding labels in_link_1 ... in_link_N, are associated to the filter input pads, the following labels out_link_1 ... out_link_M, are associated to the output pads.

When two link labels with the same name are found in the filtergraph, a link between the corresponding input and output pad is created.

If an output pad is not labelled, it is linked by default to the first unlabelled input pad of the next filter in the filterchain. For example in the filterchain:

        nullsrc, split[L1], [L2]overlay, nullsink

the split filter instance has two output pads, and the overlay filter instance two input pads. The first output pad of split is labelled ``L1'', the first input pad of overlay is labelled ``L2'', and the second output pad of split is linked to the second input pad of overlay, which are both unlabelled.

In a complete filterchain all the unlabelled filter input and output pads must be connected. A filtergraph is considered valid if all the filter input and output pads of all the filterchains are connected.

Follows a BNF description for the filtergraph syntax:

        <NAME>             ::= sequence of alphanumeric characters and '_'
        <LINKLABEL>        ::= "[" <NAME> "]"
        <LINKLABELS>       ::= <LINKLABEL> [<LINKLABELS>]
        <FILTER_ARGUMENTS> ::= sequence of chars (eventually quoted)
        <FILTER>           ::= [<LINKNAMES>] <NAME> ["=" <ARGUMENTS>] [<LINKNAMES>]
        <FILTERCHAIN>      ::= <FILTER> [,<FILTERCHAIN>]
        <FILTERGRAPH>      ::= <FILTERCHAIN> [;<FILTERGRAPH>]

 

AUDIO FILTERS

When you configure your FFmpeg build, you can disable any of the existing filters using --disable-filters. The configure output will show the audio filters included in your build.

Below is a description of the currently available audio filters.  

anull

Pass the audio source unchanged to the output.  

AUDIO SOURCES

Below is a description of the currently available audio sources.  

anullsrc

Null audio source, never return audio frames. It is mainly useful as a template and to be employed in analysis / debugging tools.

It accepts as optional parameter a string of the form sample_rate:channel_layout.

sample_rate specify the sample rate, and defaults to 44100.

channel_layout specify the channel layout, and can be either an integer or a string representing a channel layout. The default value of channel_layout is 3, which corresponds to CH_LAYOUT_STEREO.

Check the channel_layout_map definition in libavcodec/audioconvert.c for the mapping between strings and channel layout values.

Follow some examples:

        #  set the sample rate to 48000 Hz and the channel layout to CH_LAYOUT_MONO.
        anullsrc=48000:4
        
        # same as
        anullsrc=48000:mono

 

AUDIO SINKS

Below is a description of the currently available audio sinks.  

anullsink

Null audio sink, do absolutely nothing with the input audio. It is mainly useful as a template and to be employed in analysis / debugging tools.  

VIDEO FILTERS

When you configure your FFmpeg build, you can disable any of the existing filters using --disable-filters. The configure output will show the video filters included in your build.

Below is a description of the currently available video filters.  

blackframe

Detect frames that are (almost) completely black. Can be useful to detect chapter transitions or commercials. Output lines consist of the frame number of the detected frame, the percentage of blackness, the position in the file if known or -1 and the timestamp in seconds.

In order to display the output lines, you need to set the loglevel at least to the AV_LOG_INFO value.

The filter accepts the syntax:

        blackframe[=<amount>:[<threshold>]]

amount is the percentage of the pixels that have to be below the threshold, and defaults to 98.

threshold is the threshold below which a pixel value is considered black, and defaults to 32.  

copy

Copy the input source unchanged to the output. Mainly useful for testing purposes.  

crop

Crop the input video to out_w:out_h:x:y.

The parameters are expressions containing the following constants:

E, PI, PHI
the corresponding mathematical approximated values for e (euler number), pi (greek PI), PHI (golden ratio)
x, y
the computed values for x and y. They are evaluated for each new frame.
in_w, in_h
the input width and heigth
iw, ih
same as in_w and in_h
out_w, out_h
the output (cropped) width and heigth
ow, oh
same as out_w and out_h
n
the number of input frame, starting from 0
pos
the position in the file of the input frame, NAN if unknown
t
timestamp expressed in seconds, NAN if the input timestamp is unknown

The out_w and out_h parameters specify the expressions for the width and height of the output (cropped) video. They are evaluated just at the configuration of the filter.

The default value of out_w is ``in_w'', and the default value of out_h is ``in_h''.

The expression for out_w may depend on the value of out_h, and the expression for out_h may depend on out_w, but they cannot depend on x and y, as x and y are evaluated after out_w and out_h.

The x and y parameters specify the expressions for the position of the top-left corner of the output (non-cropped) area. They are evaluated for each frame. If the evaluated value is not valid, it is approximated to the nearest valid value.

The default value of x is ``(in_w-out_w)/2'', and the default value for y is ``(in_h-out_h)/2'', which set the cropped area at the center of the input image.

The expression for x may depend on y, and the expression for y may depend on x.

Follow some examples:

        # crop the central input area with size 100x100
        crop=100:100
        
        # crop the central input area with size 2/3 of the input video
        "crop=2/3*in_w:2/3*in_h"
        
        # crop the input video central square
        crop=in_h
        
        # delimit the rectangle with the top-left corner placed at position
        # 100:100 and the right-bottom corner corresponding to the right-bottom
        # corner of the input image.
        crop=in_w-100:in_h-100:100:100
        
        # crop 10 pixels from the left and right borders, and 20 pixels from
        # the top and bottom borders
        "crop=in_w-2*10:in_h-2*20"
        
        # keep only the bottom right quarter of the input image
        "crop=in_w/2:in_h/2:in_w/2:in_h/2"
        
        # crop height for getting Greek harmony
        "crop=in_w:1/PHI*in_w"
        
        # trembling effect
        "crop=in_w/2:in_h/2:(in_w-out_w)/2+((in_w-out_w)/2)*sin(n/10):(in_h-out_h)/2 +((in_h-out_h)/2)*sin(n/7)"
        
        # erratic camera effect depending on timestamp
        "crop=in_w/2:in_h/2:(in_w-out_w)/2+((in_w-out_w)/2)*sin(t*10):(in_h-out_h)/2 +((in_h-out_h)/2)*sin(t*13)"
        
        # set x depending on the value of y
        "crop=in_w/2:in_h/2:y:10+10*sin(n/10)"

 

cropdetect

Auto-detect crop size.

Calculate necessary cropping parameters and prints the recommended parameters through the logging system. The detected dimensions correspond to the non-black area of the input video.

It accepts the syntax:

        cropdetect[=<limit>[:<round>[:<reset>]]]

limit
Threshold, which can be optionally specified from nothing (0) to everything (255), defaults to 24.
round
Value which the width/height should be divisible by, defaults to 16. The offset is automatically adjusted to center the video. Use 2 to get only even dimensions (needed for 4:2:2 video). 16 is best when encoding to most video codecs.
reset
Counter that determines after how many frames cropdetect will reset the previously detected largest video area and start over to detect the current optimal crop area. Defaults to 0.

This can be useful when channel logos distort the video area. 0 indicates never reset and return the largest area encountered during playback.

 

drawbox

Draw a colored box on the input image.

It accepts the syntax:

        drawbox=<x>:<y>:<width>:<height>:<color>

x, y
Specify the top left corner coordinates of the box. Default to 0.
width, height
Specify the width and height of the box, if 0 they are interpreted as the input width and height. Default to 0.
color
Specify the color of the box to write, it can be the name of a color (case insensitive match) or a 0xRRGGBB[AA] sequence.

Follow some examples:

        # draw a black box around the edge of the input image
        drawbox
        
        # draw a box with color red and an opacity of 50%
        drawbox=10:20:200:60:red@0.5"

 

drawtext

Draw text string or text from specified file on top of video using the libfreetype library.

To enable compilation of this filter you need to configure FFmpeg with "--enable-libfreetype".

The filter also recognizes strftime() sequences in the provided text and expands them accordingly. Check the documentation of strftime().

The filter accepts parameters as a list of key=value pairs, separated by ``:''.

The description of the accepted parameters follows.

fontfile
The font file to be used for drawing text. Path must be included. This parameter is mandatory.
text
The text string to be drawn. The text must be a sequence of UTF-8 encoded characters. This parameter is mandatory if no file is specified with the parameter textfile.
textfile
A text file containing text to be drawn. The text must be a sequence of UTF-8 encoded characters.

This parameter is mandatory if no text string is specified with the parameter text.

If both text and textfile are specified, an error is thrown.

x, y
The offsets where text will be drawn within the video frame. Relative to the top/left border of the output image.

The default value of x and y is 0.

fontsize
The font size to be used for drawing text. The default value of fontsize is 16.
fontcolor
The color to be used for drawing fonts. Either a string (e.g. ``red'') or in 0xRRGGBB[AA] format (e.g. ``0xff000033''), possibly followed by an alpha specifier. The default value of fontcolor is ``black''.
boxcolor
The color to be used for drawing box around text. Either a string (e.g. ``yellow'') or in 0xRRGGBB[AA] format (e.g. ``0xff00ff''), possibly followed by an alpha specifier. The default value of boxcolor is ``white''.
box
Used to draw a box around text using background color. Value should be either 1 (enable) or 0 (disable). The default value of box is 0.
shadowx, shadowy
The x and y offsets for the text shadow position with respect to the position of the text. They can be either positive or negative values. Default value for both is ``0''.
shadowcolor
The color to be used for drawing a shadow behind the drawn text. It can be a color name (e.g. ``yellow'') or a string in the 0xRRGGBB[AA] form (e.g. ``0xff00ff''), possibly followed by an alpha specifier. The default value of shadowcolor is ``black''.
ft_load_flags
Flags to be used for loading the fonts.

The flags map the corresponding flags supported by libfreetype, and are a combination of the following values:

default
no_scale
no_hinting
render
no_bitmap
vertical_layout
force_autohint
crop_bitmap
pedantic
ignore_global_advance_width
no_recurse
ignore_transform
monochrome
linear_design
no_autohint
end table

Default value is ``render''.

For more information consult the documentation for the FT_LOAD_* libfreetype flags.

tabsize
The size in number of spaces to use for rendering the tab. Default value is 4.

For example the command:

        drawtext="fontfile=/usr/share/fonts/truetype/freefont/FreeSerif.ttf: text='Test Text'"

will draw ``Test Text'' with font FreeSerif, using the default values for the optional parameters.

The command:

        drawtext="fontfile=/usr/share/fonts/truetype/freefont/FreeSerif.ttf: text='Test Text':\
                  x=100: y=50: fontsize=24: fontcolor=yellow@0.2: box=1: boxcolor=red@0.2"

will draw 'Test Text' with font FreeSerif of size 24 at position x=100 and y=50 (counting from the top-left corner of the screen), text is yellow with a red box around it. Both the text and the box have an opacity of 20%.

Note that the double quotes are not necessary if spaces are not used within the parameter list.

For more information about libfreetype, check: <http://www.freetype.org/>.  

fade

Apply fade-in/out effect to input video.

It accepts the parameters: type:start_frame:nb_frames

type specifies if the effect type, can be either ``in'' for fade-in, or ``out'' for a fade-out effect.

start_frame specifies the number of the start frame for starting to apply the fade effect.

nb_frames specifies the number of frames for which the fade effect has to last. At the end of the fade-in effect the output video will have the same intensity as the input video, at the end of the fade-out transition the output video will be completely black.

A few usage examples follow, usable too as test scenarios.

        # fade in first 30 frames of video
        fade=in:0:30
        
        # fade out last 45 frames of a 200-frame video
        fade=out:155:45
        
        # fade in first 25 frames and fade out last 25 frames of a 1000-frame video
        fade=in:0:25, fade=out:975:25
        
        # make first 5 frames black, then fade in from frame 5-24
        fade=in:5:20

 

fieldorder

Transform the field order of the input video.

It accepts one parameter which specifies the required field order that the input interlaced video will be transformed to. The parameter can assume one of the following values:

0 or bff
output bottom field first
1 or tff
output top field first

Default value is ``tff''.

Transformation is achieved by shifting the picture content up or down by one line, and filling the remaining line with appropriate picture content. This method is consistent with most broadcast field order converters.

If the input video is not flagged as being interlaced, or it is already flagged as being of the required output field order then this filter does not alter the incoming video.

This filter is very useful when converting to or from PAL DV material, which is bottom field first.

For example:

        ./ffmpeg -i in.vob -vf "fieldorder=bff" out.dv

 

fifo

Buffer input images and send them when they are requested.

This filter is mainly useful when auto-inserted by the libavfilter framework.

The filter does not take parameters.  

format

Convert the input video to one of the specified pixel formats. Libavfilter will try to pick one that is supported for the input to the next filter.

The filter accepts a list of pixel format names, separated by ``:'', for example ``yuv420p:monow:rgb24''.

Some examples follow:

        # convert the input video to the format "yuv420p"
        format=yuv420p
        
        # convert the input video to any of the formats in the list
        format=yuv420p:yuv444p:yuv410p

 

frei0r

Apply a frei0r effect to the input video.

To enable compilation of this filter you need to install the frei0r header and configure FFmpeg with --enable-frei0r.

The filter supports the syntax:

        <filter_name>[{:|=}<param1>:<param2>:...:<paramN>]

filter_name is the name to the frei0r effect to load. If the environment variable FREI0R_PATH is defined, the frei0r effect is searched in each one of the directories specified by the colon separated list in FREIOR_PATH, otherwise in the standard frei0r paths, which are in this order: HOME/.frei0r-1/lib/, /usr/local/lib/frei0r-1/, /usr/lib/frei0r-1/.

param1, param2, ... , paramN specify the parameters for the frei0r effect.

A frei0r effect parameter can be a boolean (whose values are specified with ``y'' and ``n''), a double, a color (specified by the syntax R/G/B, R, G, and B being float numbers from 0.0 to 1.0) or by an "av_parse_color()" color description), a position (specified by the syntax X/Y, X and Y being float numbers) and a string.

The number and kind of parameters depend on the loaded effect. If an effect parameter is not specified the default value is set.

Some examples follow:

        # apply the distort0r effect, set the first two double parameters
        frei0r=distort0r:0.5:0.01
        
        # apply the colordistance effect, takes a color as first parameter
        frei0r=colordistance:0.2/0.3/0.4
        frei0r=colordistance:violet
        frei0r=colordistance:0x112233
        
        # apply the perspective effect, specify the top left and top right
        # image positions
        frei0r=perspective:0.2/0.2:0.8/0.2

For more information see: <http://piksel.org/frei0r>  

gradfun

Fix the banding artifacts that are sometimes introduced into nearly flat regions by truncation to 8bit colordepth. Interpolate the gradients that should go where the bands are, and dither them.

This filter is designed for playback only. Do not use it prior to lossy compression, because compression tends to lose the dither and bring back the bands.

The filter takes two optional parameters, separated by ':': strength:radius

strength is the maximum amount by which the filter will change any one pixel. Also the threshold for detecting nearly flat regions. Acceptable values range from .51 to 255, default value is 1.2, out-of-range values will be clipped to the valid range.

radius is the neighborhood to fit the gradient to. A larger radius makes for smoother gradients, but also prevents the filter from modifying the pixels near detailed regions. Acceptable values are 8-32, default value is 16, out-of-range values will be clipped to the valid range.

        # default parameters
        gradfun=1.2:16
        
        # omitting radius
        gradfun=1.2

 

hflip

Flip the input video horizontally.

For example to horizontally flip the video in input with ffmpeg:

        ffmpeg -i in.avi -vf "hflip" out.avi

 

hqdn3d

High precision/quality 3d denoise filter. This filter aims to reduce image noise producing smooth images and making still images really still. It should enhance compressibility.

It accepts the following optional parameters: luma_spatial:chroma_spatial:luma_tmp:chroma_tmp

luma_spatial
a non-negative float number which specifies spatial luma strength, defaults to 4.0
chroma_spatial
a non-negative float number which specifies spatial chroma strength, defaults to 3.0*luma_spatial/4.0
luma_tmp
a float number which specifies luma temporal strength, defaults to 6.0*luma_spatial/4.0
chroma_tmp
a float number which specifies chroma temporal strength, defaults to luma_tmp*chroma_spatial/luma_spatial
 

lut, lutrgb, lutyuv

Compute a look-up table for binding each pixel component input value to an output value, and apply it to input video.

lutyuv applies a lookup table to a YUV input video, lutrgb to an RGB input video.

These filters accept in input a ``:''-separated list of options, which specify the expressions used for computing the lookup table for the corresponding pixel component values.

The lut filter requires either YUV or RGB pixel formats in input, and accepts the options:

c0 (first pixel component) c1 (second pixel component) c2 (third pixel component) c3 (fourth pixel component, corresponds to the alpha component)

The exact component associated to each option depends on the format in input.

The lutrgb filter requires RGB pixel formats in input, and accepts the options:

r (red component) g (green component) b (blue component) a (alpha component)

The lutyuv filter requires YUV pixel formats in input, and accepts the options:

y (Y/luminance component) u (U/Cb component) v (V/Cr component) a (alpha component)

The expressions can contain the following constants and functions:

E, PI, PHI
the corresponding mathematical approximated values for e (euler number), pi (greek PI), PHI (golden ratio)
w, h
the input width and heigth
val
input value for the pixel component
clipval
the input value clipped in the minval-maxval range
maxval
maximum value for the pixel component
minval
minimum value for the pixel component
negval
the negated value for the pixel component value clipped in the minval-maxval range , it corresponds to the expression ``maxval-clipval+minval''
clip(val)
the computed value in val clipped in the minval-maxval range
gammaval(gamma)
the computed gamma correction value of the pixel component value clipped in the minval-maxval range, corresponds to the expression "pow((clipval-minval)/(maxval-minval),gamma)*(maxval-minval)+minval"

All expressions default to ``val''.

Some examples follow:

        # negate input video
        lutrgb="r=maxval+minval-val:g=maxval+minval-val:b=maxval+minval-val"
        lutyuv="y=maxval+minval-val:u=maxval+minval-val:v=maxval+minval-val"
        
        # the above is the same as
        lutrgb="r=negval:g=negval:b=negval"
        lutyuv="y=negval:u=negval:v=negval"
        
        # negate luminance
        lutyuv=negval
        
        # remove chroma components, turns the video into a graytone image
        lutyuv="u=128:v=128"
        
        # apply a luma burning effect
        lutyuv="y=2*val"
        
        # remove green and blue components
        lutrgb="g=0:b=0"
        
        # set a constant alpha channel value on input
        format=rgba,lutrgb=a="maxval-minval/2"
        
        # correct luminance gamma by a 0.5 factor
        lutyuv=y=gammaval(0.5)

 

mp

Apply an MPlayer filter to the input video.

This filter provides a wrapper around most of the filters of MPlayer/MEncoder.

This wrapper is considered experimental. Some of the wrapped filters may not work properly and we may drop support for them, as they will be implemented natively into FFmpeg. Thus you should avoid depending on them when writing portable scripts.

The filters accepts the parameters: filter_name[:=]filter_params

filter_name is the name of a supported MPlayer filter, filter_params is a string containing the parameters accepted by the named filter.

The list of the currently supported filters follows:

2xsai
blackframe
boxblur
cropdetect
decimate
delogo
denoise3d
detc
dint
divtc
down3dright
dsize
eq2
eq
field
fil
fixpts
framestep
fspp
geq
gradfun
harddup
hqdn3d
hue
il
ilpack
ivtc
kerndeint
mcdeint
mirror
noise
ow
palette
perspective
phase
pp7
pullup
qp
rectangle
remove-logo
rgbtest
rotate
sab
screenshot
smartblur
softpulldown
softskip
spp
swapuv
telecine
test
tile
tinterlace
unsharp
uspp
yuvcsp
yvu9

The parameter syntax and behavior for the listed filters are the same of the corresponding MPlayer filters. For detailed instructions check the ``VIDEO FILTERS'' section in the MPlayer manual.

Some examples follow:

        # remove a logo by interpolating the surrounding pixels
        mp=delogo=200:200:80:20:1
        
        # adjust gamma, brightness, contrast
        mp=eq2=1.0:2:0.5
        
        # tweak hue and saturation
        mp=hue=100:-10

See also mplayer(1), <http://www.mplayerhq.hu/>.  

negate

Negate input video.

This filter accepts an integer in input, if non-zero it negates the alpha component (if available). The default value in input is 0.  

noformat

Force libavfilter not to use any of the specified pixel formats for the input to the next filter.

The filter accepts a list of pixel format names, separated by ``:'', for example ``yuv420p:monow:rgb24''.

Some examples follow:

        # force libavfilter to use a format different from "yuv420p" for the
        # input to the vflip filter
        noformat=yuv420p,vflip
        
        # convert the input video to any of the formats not contained in the list
        noformat=yuv420p:yuv444p:yuv410p

 

null

Pass the video source unchanged to the output.  

ocv

Apply video transform using libopencv.

To enable this filter install libopencv library and headers and configure FFmpeg with --enable-libopencv.

The filter takes the parameters: filter_name{:=}filter_params.

filter_name is the name of the libopencv filter to apply.

filter_params specifies the parameters to pass to the libopencv filter. If not specified the default values are assumed.

Refer to the official libopencv documentation for more precise informations: <http://opencv.willowgarage.com/documentation/c/image_filtering>

Follows the list of supported libopencv filters.

dilate

Dilate an image by using a specific structuring element. This filter corresponds to the libopencv function "cvDilate".

It accepts the parameters: struct_el:nb_iterations.

struct_el represents a structuring element, and has the syntax: colsxrows+anchor_xxanchor_y/shape

cols and rows represent the number of colums and rows of the structuring element, anchor_x and anchor_y the anchor point, and shape the shape for the structuring element, and can be one of the values ``rect'', ``cross'', ``ellipse'', ``custom''.

If the value for shape is ``custom'', it must be followed by a string of the form "=filename". The file with name filename is assumed to represent a binary image, with each printable character corresponding to a bright pixel. When a custom shape is used, cols and rows are ignored, the number or columns and rows of the read file are assumed instead.

The default value for struct_el is ``3x3+0x0/rect''.

nb_iterations specifies the number of times the transform is applied to the image, and defaults to 1.

Follow some example:

        # use the default values
        ocv=dilate
        
        # dilate using a structuring element with a 5x5 cross, iterate two times
        ocv=dilate=5x5+2x2/cross:2
        
        # read the shape from the file diamond.shape, iterate two times
        # the file diamond.shape may contain a pattern of characters like this:
        #   *
        #  ***
        # *****
        #  ***
        #   *
        # the specified cols and rows are ignored (but not the anchor point coordinates)
        ocv=0x0+2x2/custom=diamond.shape:2

erode

Erode an image by using a specific structuring element. This filter corresponds to the libopencv function "cvErode".

The filter accepts the parameters: struct_el:nb_iterations, with the same meaning and use of those of the dilate filter.

smooth

Smooth the input video.

The filter takes the following parameters: type:param1:param2:param3:param4.

type is the type of smooth filter to apply, and can be one of the following values: ``blur'', ``blur_no_scale'', ``median'', ``gaussian'', ``bilateral''. The default value is ``gaussian''.

param1, param2, param3, and param4 are parameters whose meanings depend on smooth type. param1 and param2 accept integer positive values or 0, param3 and param4 accept float values.

The default value for param1 is 3, the default value for the other parameters is 0.

These parameters correspond to the parameters assigned to the libopencv function "cvSmooth".  

overlay

Overlay one video on top of another.

It takes two inputs and one output, the first input is the ``main'' video on which the second input is overlayed.

It accepts the parameters: x:y.

x is the x coordinate of the overlayed video on the main video, y is the y coordinate. The parameters are expressions containing the following parameters:

main_w, main_h
main input width and height
W, H
same as main_w and main_h
overlay_w, overlay_h
overlay input width and height
w, h
same as overlay_w and overlay_h

Be aware that frames are taken from each input video in timestamp order, hence, if their initial timestamps differ, it is a a good idea to pass the two inputs through a setpts=PTS-STARTPTS filter to have them begin in the same zero timestamp, as it does the example for the movie filter.

Follow some examples:

        # draw the overlay at 10 pixels from the bottom right
        # corner of the main video.
        overlay=main_w-overlay_w-10:main_h-overlay_h-10
        
        # insert a transparent PNG logo in the bottom left corner of the input
        movie=logo.png [logo];
        [in][logo] overlay=10:main_h-overlay_h-10 [out]
        
        # insert 2 different transparent PNG logos (second logo on bottom
        # right corner):
        movie=logo1.png [logo1];
        movie=logo2.png [logo2];
        [in][logo1]       overlay=10:H-h-10 [in+logo1];
        [in+logo1][logo2] overlay=W-w-10:H-h-10 [out]
        
        # add a transparent color layer on top of the main video,
        # WxH specifies the size of the main input to the overlay filter
        color=red.3:WxH [over]; [in][over] overlay [out]

You can chain togheter more overlays but the efficiency of such approach is yet to be tested.  

pad

Add paddings to the input image, and places the original input at the given coordinates x, y.

It accepts the following parameters: width:height:x:y:color.

The parameters width, height, x, and y are expressions containing the following constants:

E, PI, PHI
the corresponding mathematical approximated values for e (euler number), pi (greek PI), phi (golden ratio)
in_w, in_h
the input video width and heigth
iw, ih
same as in_w and in_h
out_w, out_h
the output width and heigth, that is the size of the padded area as specified by the width and height expressions
ow, oh
same as out_w and out_h
x, y
x and y offsets as specified by the x and y expressions, or NAN if not yet specified
a
input display aspect ratio, same as iw / ih
hsub, vsub
horizontal and vertical chroma subsample values. For example for the pixel format ``yuv422p'' hsub is 2 and vsub is 1.

Follows the description of the accepted parameters.

width, height
Specify the size of the output image with the paddings added. If the value for width or height is 0, the corresponding input size is used for the output.

The width expression can reference the value set by the height expression, and viceversa.

The default value of width and height is 0.

x, y
Specify the offsets where to place the input image in the padded area with respect to the top/left border of the output image.

The x expression can reference the value set by the y expression, and viceversa.

The default value of x and y is 0.

color
Specify the color of the padded area, it can be the name of a color (case insensitive match) or a 0xRRGGBB[AA] sequence.

The default value of color is ``black''.

Some examples follow:

        # Add paddings with color "violet" to the input video. Output video
        # size is 640x480, the top-left corner of the input video is placed at
        # column 0, row 40.
        pad=640:480:0:40:violet
        
        # pad the input to get an output with dimensions increased bt 3/2,
        # and put the input video at the center of the padded area
        pad="3/2*iw:3/2*ih:(ow-iw)/2:(oh-ih)/2"
        
        # pad the input to get a squared output with size equal to the maximum
        # value between the input width and height, and put the input video at
        # the center of the padded area
        pad="max(iw,ih):ow:(ow-iw)/2:(oh-ih)/2"
        
        # pad the input to get a final w/h ratio of 16:9
        pad="ih*16/9:ih:(ow-iw)/2:(oh-ih)/2"
        
        # double output size and put the input video in the bottom-right
        # corner of the output padded area
        pad="2*iw:2*ih:ow-iw:oh-ih"

 

pixdesctest

Pixel format descriptor test filter, mainly useful for internal testing. The output video should be equal to the input video.

For example:

        format=monow, pixdesctest

can be used to test the monowhite pixel format descriptor definition.  

scale

Scale the input video to width:height and/or convert the image format.

The parameters width and height are expressions containing the following constants:

E, PI, PHI
the corresponding mathematical approximated values for e (euler number), pi (greek PI), phi (golden ratio)
in_w, in_h
the input width and heigth
iw, ih
same as in_w and in_h
out_w, out_h
the output (cropped) width and heigth
ow, oh
same as out_w and out_h
a
input display aspect ratio, same as iw / ih
hsub, vsub
horizontal and vertical chroma subsample values. For example for the pixel format ``yuv422p'' hsub is 2 and vsub is 1.

If the input image format is different from the format requested by the next filter, the scale filter will convert the input to the requested format.

If the value for width or height is 0, the respective input size is used for the output.

If the value for width or height is -1, the scale filter will use, for the respective output size, a value that maintains the aspect ratio of the input image.

The default value of width and height is 0.

Some examples follow:

        # scale the input video to a size of 200x100.
        scale=200:100
        
        # scale the input to 2x
        scale=2*iw:2*ih
        # the above is the same as
        scale=2*in_w:2*in_h
        
        # scale the input to half size
        scale=iw/2:ih/2
        
        # increase the width, and set the height to the same size
        scale=3/2*iw:ow
        
        # seek for Greek harmony
        scale=iw:1/PHI*iw
        scale=ih*PHI:ih
        
        # increase the height, and set the width to 3/2 of the height
        scale=3/2*oh:3/5*ih
        
        # increase the size, but make the size a multiple of the chroma
        scale="trunc(3/2*iw/hsub)*hsub:trunc(3/2*ih/vsub)*vsub"
        
        # increase the width to a maximum of 500 pixels, keep the same input aspect ratio
        scale='min(500, iw*3/2):-1'

 

select

Select frames to pass in output.

It accepts in input an expression, which is evaluated for each input frame. If the expression is evaluated to a non-zero value, the frame is selected and passed to the output, otherwise it is discarded.

The expression can contain the following constants:

PI
Greek PI
PHI
golden ratio
E
Euler number
n
the sequential number of the filtered frame, starting from 0
selected_n
the sequential number of the selected frame, starting from 0
prev_selected_n
the sequential number of the last selected frame, NAN if undefined
TB
timebase of the input timestamps
pts
the PTS (Presentation TimeStamp) of the filtered video frame, expressed in TB units, NAN if undefined
t
the PTS (Presentation TimeStamp) of the filtered video frame, expressed in seconds, NAN if undefined
prev_pts
the PTS of the previously filtered video frame, NAN if undefined
prev_selected_pts
the PTS of the last previously filtered video frame, NAN if undefined
prev_selected_t
the PTS of the last previously selected video frame, NAN if undefined
start_pts
the PTS of the first video frame in the video, NAN if undefined
start_t
the time of the first video frame in the video, NAN if undefined
pict_type
the picture type of the filtered frame, can assume one of the following values:
PICT_TYPE_I
PICT_TYPE_P
PICT_TYPE_B
PICT_TYPE_S
PICT_TYPE_SI
PICT_TYPE_SP
PICT_TYPE_BI
interlace_type
the frame interlace type, can assume one of the following values:
INTERLACE_TYPE_P
the frame is progressive (not interlaced)
INTERLACE_TYPE_T
the frame is top-field-first
INTERLACE_TYPE_B
the frame is bottom-field-first
key
1 if the filtered frame is a key-frame, 0 otherwise
pos
the position in the file of the filtered frame, -1 if the information is not available (e.g. for synthetic video)

The default value of the select expression is ``1''.

Some examples follow:

        # select all frames in input
        select
        
        # the above is the same as:
        select=1
        
        # skip all frames:
        select=0
        
        # select only I-frames
        select='eq(pict_type,PICT_TYPE_I)'
        
        # select one frame every 100
        select='not(mod(n,100))'
        
        # select only frames contained in the 10-20 time interval
        select='gte(t,10)*lte(t,20)'
        
        # select only I frames contained in the 10-20 time interval
        select='gte(t,10)*lte(t,20)*eq(pict_type,PICT_TYPE_I)'
        
        # select frames with a minimum distance of 10 seconds
        select='isnan(prev_selected_t)+gte(t-prev_selected_t,10)'

 

setdar

Set the Display Aspect Ratio for the filter output video.

This is done by changing the specified Sample (aka Pixel) Aspect Ratio, according to the following equation: DAR = HORIZONTAL_RESOLUTION / VERTICAL_RESOLUTION * SAR

Keep in mind that this filter does not modify the pixel dimensions of the video frame. Also the display aspect ratio set by this filter may be changed by later filters in the filterchain, e.g. in case of scaling or if another ``setdar'' or a ``setsar'' filter is applied.

The filter accepts a parameter string which represents the wanted display aspect ratio. The parameter can be a floating point number string, or an expression of the form num:den, where num and den are the numerator and denominator of the aspect ratio. If the parameter is not specified, it is assumed the value ``0:1''.

For example to change the display aspect ratio to 16:9, specify:

        setdar=16:9
        # the above is equivalent to
        setdar=1.77777

See also the ``setsar'' filter documentation.  

setpts

Change the PTS (presentation timestamp) of the input video frames.

Accept in input an expression evaluated through the eval API, which can contain the following constants:

PTS
the presentation timestamp in input
PI
Greek PI
PHI
golden ratio
E
Euler number
N
the count of the input frame, starting from 0.
STARTPTS
the PTS of the first video frame
INTERLACED
tell if the current frame is interlaced
POS
original position in the file of the frame, or undefined if undefined for the current frame
PREV_INPTS
previous input PTS
PREV_OUTPTS
previous output PTS

Some examples follow:

        # start counting PTS from zero
        setpts=PTS-STARTPTS
        
        # fast motion
        setpts=0.5*PTS
        
        # slow motion
        setpts=2.0*PTS
        
        # fixed rate 25 fps
        setpts=N/(25*TB)
        
        # fixed rate 25 fps with some jitter
        setpts='1/(25*TB) * (N + 0.05 * sin(N*2*PI/25))'

 

setsar

Set the Sample (aka Pixel) Aspect Ratio for the filter output video.

Note that as a consequence of the application of this filter, the output display aspect ratio will change according to the following equation: DAR = HORIZONTAL_RESOLUTION / VERTICAL_RESOLUTION * SAR

Keep in mind that the sample aspect ratio set by this filter may be changed by later filters in the filterchain, e.g. if another ``setsar'' or a ``setdar'' filter is applied.

The filter accepts a parameter string which represents the wanted sample aspect ratio. The parameter can be a floating point number string, or an expression of the form num:den, where num and den are the numerator and denominator of the aspect ratio. If the parameter is not specified, it is assumed the value ``0:1''.

For example to change the sample aspect ratio to 10:11, specify:

        setsar=10:11

 

settb

Set the timebase to use for the output frames timestamps. It is mainly useful for testing timebase configuration.

It accepts in input an arithmetic expression representing a rational. The expression can contain the constants ``PI'', ``E'', ``PHI'', ``AVTB'' (the default timebase), and ``intb'' (the input timebase).

The default value for the input is ``intb''.

Follow some examples.

        # set the timebase to 1/25
        settb=1/25
        
        # set the timebase to 1/10
        settb=0.1
        
        #set the timebase to 1001/1000
        settb=1+0.001
        
        #set the timebase to 2*intb
        settb=2*intb
        
        #set the default timebase value
        settb=AVTB

 

showinfo

Show a line containing various information for each input video frame. The input video is not modified.

The shown line contains a sequence of key/value pairs of the form key:value.

A description of each shown parameter follows:

n
sequential number of the input frame, starting from 0
pts
Presentation TimeStamp of the input frame, expressed as a number of time base units. The time base unit depends on the filter input pad.
pts_time
Presentation TimeStamp of the input frame, expressed as a number of seconds
pos
position of the frame in the input stream, -1 if this information in unavailable and/or meanigless (for example in case of synthetic video)
fmt
pixel format name
sar
sample aspect ratio of the input frame, expressed in the form num/den
s
size of the input frame, expressed in the form widthxheight
i
interlaced mode (``P'' for ``progressive'', ``T'' for top field first, ``B'' for bottom field first)
iskey
1 if the frame is a key frame, 0 otherwise
type
picture type of the input frame (``I'' for an I-frame, ``P'' for a P-frame, ``B'' for a B-frame, ``?'' for unknown type). Check also the documentation of the "AVPictureType" enum and of the "av_get_picture_type_char" function defined in libavutil/avutil.h.
checksum
Adler-32 checksum of all the planes of the input frame
plane_checksum
Adler-32 checksum of each plane of the input frame, expressed in the form "[c0 c1 c2 c3]"
 

slicify

Pass the images of input video on to next video filter as multiple slices.

        ./ffmpeg -i in.avi -vf "slicify=32" out.avi

The filter accepts the slice height as parameter. If the parameter is not specified it will use the default value of 16.

Adding this in the beginning of filter chains should make filtering faster due to better use of the memory cache.  

split

Pass on the input video to two outputs. Both outputs are identical to the input video.

For example:

        [in] split [splitout1][splitout2];
        [splitout1] crop=100:100:0:0    [cropout];
        [splitout2] pad=200:200:100:100 [padout];

will create two separate outputs from the same input, one cropped and one padded.  

transpose

Transpose rows with columns in the input video and optionally flip it.

It accepts a parameter representing an integer, which can assume the values:

0
Rotate by 90 degrees counterclockwise and vertically flip (default), that is:

        L.R     L.l
        . . ->  . .
        l.r     R.r

1
Rotate by 90 degrees clockwise, that is:

        L.R     l.L
        . . ->  . .
        l.r     r.R

2
Rotate by 90 degrees counterclockwise, that is:

        L.R     R.r
        . . ->  . .
        l.r     L.l

3
Rotate by 90 degrees clockwise and vertically flip, that is:

        L.R     r.R
        . . ->  . .
        l.r     l.L

 

unsharp

Sharpen or blur the input video.

It accepts the following parameters: luma_msize_x:luma_msize_y:luma_amount:chroma_msize_x:chroma_msize_y:chroma_amount

Negative values for the amount will blur the input video, while positive values will sharpen. All parameters are optional and default to the equivalent of the string '5:5:1.0:5:5:0.0'.

luma_msize_x
Set the luma matrix horizontal size. It can be an integer between 3 and 13, default value is 5.
luma_msize_y
Set the luma matrix vertical size. It can be an integer between 3 and 13, default value is 5.
luma_amount
Set the luma effect strength. It can be a float number between -2.0 and 5.0, default value is 1.0.
chroma_msize_x
Set the chroma matrix horizontal size. It can be an integer between 3 and 13, default value is 5.
chroma_msize_y
Set the chroma matrix vertical size. It can be an integer between 3 and 13, default value is 5.
luma_amount
Set the chroma effect strength. It can be a float number between -2.0 and 5.0, default value is 0.0.

        # Strong luma sharpen effect parameters
        unsharp=7:7:2.5
        
        # Strong blur of both luma and chroma parameters
        unsharp=7:7:-2:7:7:-2
        
        # Use the default values with B<ffmpeg>
        ./ffmpeg -i in.avi -vf "unsharp" out.mp4

 

vflip

Flip the input video vertically.

        ./ffmpeg -i in.avi -vf "vflip" out.avi

 

yadif

Deinterlace the input video (``yadif'' means ``yet another deinterlacing filter'').

It accepts the optional parameters: mode:parity.

mode specifies the interlacing mode to adopt, accepts one of the following values:

0
output 1 frame for each frame
1
output 1 frame for each field
2
like 0 but skips spatial interlacing check
3
like 1 but skips spatial interlacing check

Default value is 0.

parity specifies the picture field parity assumed for the input interlaced video, accepts one of the following values:

0
assume bottom field first
1
assume top field first
-1
enable automatic detection

Default value is -1. If interlacing is unknown or decoder does not export this information, top field first will be assumed.  

VIDEO SOURCES

Below is a description of the currently available video sources.  

buffer

Buffer video frames, and make them available to the filter chain.

This source is mainly intended for a programmatic use, in particular through the interface defined in libavfilter/vsrc_buffer.h.

It accepts the following parameters: width:height:pix_fmt_string:timebase_num:timebase_den:sample_aspect_ratio_num:sample_aspect_ratio.den:scale_params

All the parameters but scale_params need to be explicitely defined.

Follows the list of the accepted parameters.

width, height
Specify the width and height of the buffered video frames.
pix_fmt_string
A string representing the pixel format of the buffered video frames. It may be a number corresponding to a pixel format, or a pixel format name.
timebase_num, timebase_den
Specify numerator and denomitor of the timebase assumed by the timestamps of the buffered frames.
sample_aspect_ratio.num, sample_aspect_ratio.den
Specify numerator and denominator of the sample aspect ratio assumed by the video frames.
scale_params
Specify the optional parameters to be used for the scale filter which is automatically inserted when an input change is detected in the input size or format.

For example:

        buffer=320:240:yuv410p:1:24:1:1

will instruct the source to accept video frames with size 320x240 and with format ``yuv410p'', assuming 1/24 as the timestamps timebase and square pixels (1:1 sample aspect ratio). Since the pixel format with name ``yuv410p'' corresponds to the number 6 (check the enum PixelFormat definition in libavutil/pixfmt.h), this example corresponds to:

        buffer=320:240:6:1:24:1:1

 

color

Provide an uniformly colored input.

It accepts the following parameters: color:frame_size:frame_rate

Follows the description of the accepted parameters.

color
Specify the color of the source. It can be the name of a color (case insensitive match) or a 0xRRGGBB[AA] sequence, possibly followed by an alpha specifier. The default value is ``black''.
frame_size
Specify the size of the sourced video, it may be a string of the form widthxheigth, or the name of a size abbreviation. The default value is ``320x240''.
frame_rate
Specify the frame rate of the sourced video, as the number of frames generated per second. It has to be a string in the format frame_rate_num/frame_rate_den, an integer number, a float number or a valid video frame rate abbreviation. The default value is ``25''.

For example the following graph description will generate a red source with an opacity of 0.2, with size ``qcif'' and a frame rate of 10 frames per second, which will be overlayed over the source connected to the pad with identifier ``in''.

        "color=red@0.2:qcif:10 [color]; [in][color] overlay [out]"

 

movie

Read a video stream from a movie container.

It accepts the syntax: movie_name[:options] where movie_name is the name of the resource to read (not necessarily a file but also a device or a stream accessed through some protocol), and options is an optional sequence of key=value pairs, separated by ``:''.

The description of the accepted options follows.

format_name, f
Specifies the format assumed for the movie to read, and can be either the name of a container or an input device. If not specified the format is guessed from movie_name or by probing.
seek_point, sp
Specifies the seek point in seconds, the frames will be output starting from this seek point, the parameter is evaluated with "av_strtod" so the numerical value may be suffixed by an IS postfix. Default value is ``0''.
stream_index, si
Specifies the index of the video stream to read. If the value is -1, the best suited video stream will be automatically selected. Default value is ``-1''.

This filter allows to overlay a second video on top of main input of a filtergraph as shown in this graph:

        input -----------> deltapts0 --> overlay --> output
                                            ^
                                            |
        movie --> scale--> deltapts1 -------+

Some examples follow:

        # skip 3.2 seconds from the start of the avi file in.avi, and overlay it
        # on top of the input labelled as "in".
        movie=in.avi:seek_point=3.2, scale=180:-1, setpts=PTS-STARTPTS [movie];
        [in] setpts=PTS-STARTPTS, [movie] overlay=16:16 [out]
        
        # read from a video4linux2 device, and overlay it on top of the input
        # labelled as "in"
        movie=/dev/video0:f=video4linux2, scale=180:-1, setpts=PTS-STARTPTS [movie];
        [in] setpts=PTS-STARTPTS, [movie] overlay=16:16 [out]

 

nullsrc

Null video source, never return images. It is mainly useful as a template and to be employed in analysis / debugging tools.

It accepts as optional parameter a string of the form width:height:timebase.

width and height specify the size of the configured source. The default values of width and height are respectively 352 and 288 (corresponding to the CIF size format).

timebase specifies an arithmetic expression representing a timebase. The expression can contain the constants ``PI'', ``E'', ``PHI'', ``AVTB'' (the default timebase), and defaults to the value ``AVTB''.  

frei0r_src

Provide a frei0r source.

To enable compilation of this filter you need to install the frei0r header and configure FFmpeg with --enable-frei0r.

The source supports the syntax:

        <size>:<rate>:<src_name>[{=|:}<param1>:<param2>:...:<paramN>]

size is the size of the video to generate, may be a string of the form widthxheight or a frame size abbreviation. rate is the rate of the video to generate, may be a string of the form num/den or a frame rate abbreviation. src_name is the name to the frei0r source to load. For more information regarding frei0r and how to set the parameters read the section ``frei0r'' in the description of the video filters.

Some examples follow:

        # generate a frei0r partik0l source with size 200x200 and framerate 10
        # which is overlayed on the overlay filter main input
        frei0r_src=200x200:10:partik0l=1234 [overlay]; [in][overlay] overlay

 

VIDEO SINKS

Below is a description of the currently available video sinks.  

buffersink

Buffer video frames, and make them available to the end of the filter graph.

This sink is mainly intended for a programmatic use, in particular through the interface defined in libavfilter/vsink_buffer.h.

It does not require a string parameter in input, but you need to specify a pointer to a list of supported pixel formats terminated by -1 in the opaque parameter provided to "avfilter_init_filter" when initializing this sink.  

nullsink

Null video sink, do absolutely nothing with the input video. It is mainly useful as a template and to be employed in analysis / debugging tools.  

SEE ALSO

ffmpeg(1), ffprobe(1), ffserver(1) and the FFmpeg HTML documentation  

AUTHORS

The FFmpeg developers


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPTIONS
Generic options
Main options
Advanced options
While playing
EXPRESSION EVALUATION
DECODERS
VIDEO DECODERS
rawvideo
DEMUXERS
image2
applehttp
MUXERS
crc
framecrc
image2
mpegts
null
matroska
INPUT DEVICES
alsa
bktr
dv1394
fbdev
jack
libdc1394
oss
sndio
video4linux and video4linux2
vfwcap
x11grab
OUTPUT DEVICES
alsa
oss
sdl
sndio
PROTOCOLS
applehttp
concat
file
gopher
http
mmst
mmsh
md5
pipe
rtmp
rtmp, rtmpe, rtmps, rtmpt, rtmpte
rtp
rtsp
sap
tcp
udp
FILTERGRAPH DESCRIPTION
Filtergraph syntax
AUDIO FILTERS
anull
AUDIO SOURCES
anullsrc
AUDIO SINKS
anullsink
VIDEO FILTERS
blackframe
copy
crop
cropdetect
drawbox
drawtext
fade
fieldorder
fifo
format
frei0r
gradfun
hflip
hqdn3d
lut, lutrgb, lutyuv
mp
negate
noformat
null
ocv
overlay
pad
pixdesctest
scale
select
setdar
setpts
setsar
settb
showinfo
slicify
split
transpose
unsharp
vflip
yadif
VIDEO SOURCES
buffer
color
movie
nullsrc
frei0r_src
VIDEO SINKS
buffersink
nullsink
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS

This document was created by man2html using the manual pages.
Time: 17:30:55 GMT, October 23, 2013

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