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16.3. Applications

Clever use of I/O redirection permits parsing and stitching together snippets of command output (see Example 11-7). This permits generating report and log files.

Example 16-12. Logging events

#!/bin/bash
# logevents.sh, by Stephane Chazelas.

# Event logging to a file.
# Must be run as root (for write access in /var/log).

ROOT_UID=0     # Only users with $UID 0 have root privileges.
E_NOTROOT=67   # Non-root exit error.


if [ "$UID" -ne "$ROOT_UID" ]
then
  echo "Must be root to run this script."
  exit $E_NOTROOT
fi  


FD_DEBUG1=3
FD_DEBUG2=4
FD_DEBUG3=5

# Uncomment one of the two lines below to activate script.
# LOG_EVENTS=1
# LOG_VARS=1


log()  # Writes time and date to log file.
{
echo "$(date)  $*" >&7     # This *appends* the date to the file.
                              # See below.
}



case $LOG_LEVEL in
 1) exec 3>&2         4> /dev/null 5> /dev/null;;
 2) exec 3>&2         4>&2         5> /dev/null;;
 3) exec 3>&2         4>&2         5>&2;;
 *) exec 3> /dev/null 4> /dev/null 5> /dev/null;;
esac

FD_LOGVARS=6
if [[ $LOG_VARS ]]
then exec 6>> /var/log/vars.log
else exec 6> /dev/null               # Bury output.
fi

FD_LOGEVENTS=7
if [[ $LOG_EVENTS ]]
then
  # then exec 7 >(exec gawk '{print strftime(), $0}' >> /var/log/event.log)
  # Above line will not work in Bash, version 2.04.
  exec 7>> /var/log/event.log        # Append to "event.log".
  log                                      # Write time and date.
else exec 7> /dev/null                  # Bury output.
fi

echo "DEBUG3: beginning" >&${FD_DEBUG3}

ls -l >&5 2>&4                       # command1 >&5 2>&4

echo "Done"                                # command2 

echo "sending mail" >&${FD_LOGEVENTS}   # Writes "sending mail" to fd #7.


exit 0

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